Principals of Sociology
Summary & Outline for Chapters 15 & 16
with Assignment and Unit Test Review
Over two hundred years ago, Thomas Malthus warned that overpopulation would result in major
global problems such as poverty and starvation. According to the Marxist perspective,
overpopulation occurs because of capitalists\u2019 demands for a surplus of workers to suppress wages
Urban sociology is the study of social relationships and political and economic structures in the city. Functionalist perspectives (ecological models) of urban growth include the concentric zone model, the sector model, and the multiple-nuclei model. According to the political economy models of conflict theorists, urban growth is influenced by capital investment decisions, power and resource inequality, class and class conflict, and government subsidy. Feminist theorists
Urbanization, suburbanization, gentrification, and the growth of edge cities have had a dramatic
impact on the U.S. population. Many central cities have experienced fiscal crises that have
resulted in cuts in services, lack of maintenance of the infrastructure, and a health care crisis.
c. The crude net migration rate is the net number of migrants (total in-
migrants minus total out-migrants) per 1,000 people in a population in a
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