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Penang08 - Shoplots, Argus Lane, Love Lane

Penang08 - Shoplots, Argus Lane, Love Lane

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Published by: mohd qisti on Jun 22, 2009
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09/02/2010

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2.2.7 THE SHOP HOUSES IN PENANG
A shop house or row house has two or more storeys and is a commercial and privatestructure. The tenants usually use the first floor for commercial purposes such as sundry shop,light industry or warehouses and reside in the upper floors. The building is not free standing;rather it is connected to several other shop houses to form a shop house block. This shophouse is repeated to create streets and town squares found in many urban areas in Malaysia.Sometimes, the tenants use both the ground and upper floors for residential. This type of shophouse is normally referred to as terrace house. In such a case, the building has a big entrancewith a timber bar locked into the door head, metal – bar and louvered -panel windows on theground floor and a few openings at upper floors.Shop houses usually have a narrow frontage between 12' to 18' and their length variesgreatly from 60' to 140', topped with a pitch roof of not more than 30
˚
. They are often designedin a symmetrical organization in which the entrance is located in the middle with windows onboth sides. A shop house is characteristically features a five – foot way (kaki lima) or verandawalkway. This covered five – foot way, typically an arched opening, joins one house with the reston the street front. Thus, it creates a continuous walkway on the front facade of the shop houseblock.Figure 2.47: The Architectural Styles of Shop Houses in elevation view
Source : www.unitar.org (2008)
 
.2.7.1 THE ARCHITECTURAL STYLES OF SHOP HOUSES
There are several different architectural styles of shop houses on the street of Penang,Malacca or towns in Malaysia. Some have stylistic trends of the different periods on the frontfacade while others have undergone renovation or used modern materials in an effort toincrease their property values. All the architectural styles can be referring to the era in thecountry. Generally, there are four architectural styles of shop houses in Malaysia, which are:
a)Early Shop house style (1800 – 1850s)
Figure 2.48: Early Shop house style
Source: Field study (2008)
The front facade appears to have a continuous row of panelled or louvered shutters,timber walls and plain masonry pilasters on the upper floor.
 Attap
was used in the early shophouses but was banned due to fire regulations and later replaced by Chinese clay tiles. Theprofile of these tiles has changed slightly over time from a V shape to a more rounded shapewhich is lighter and smaller in size.Special features of the design consist of:1.Wood panel wall (spandrel) above the horizontal beam with minimal decoration. Later onthe spandrel is made of bricks and finished with concrete.
2.
V-shaped, India terracotta or clay roof tiles, before that, most used
attap
roof.3.Timber support beam (in this example, the timber beam is present).4.A row of continuous wooden shutters on the top level
 
5.Wooden panel doors for shop front with collapsible metal gate for security6.Low, squat, simple two-storey terrace building
b)Early traditional Shop house style (1850 – 1950’s)
Figure 2.49: Early traditional shop house or transitional shop house
Source: Field study (2008)
The front walls were made of masonry which became more decorative with either plaster figures or ceramic renderings. A frieze decoration right below the eaves was added displayingpaintings or ceramic shard work. Louvered shutters are remained but either iron or timber grilleswere inserted in the windows. The top parts of the pilasters were often enlarged to support apurlin at the end of the eaves. In the late 19th Century, the pilasters were much taller and oftendecorated with plaster renderings.Special features of the design consist of:1.V-shaped, India terracotta or clay roof tiles2.A row of continuous wooden shutters on the top level3.Brick wall above horizontal beam with ceramic or cast-iron air vents4.Symmetrical timber windows with vertical iron bars on the outside for safety5.Bat shaped air vents above the windows for ventilation6.Plain timber doo7.Terracotta tiles with geometric pattern or plain cement floor on the 5 foot way8.Tall and slim two storey terrace house
c)Early Straits Eclectic Style Shop house (1900 - 1940).

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