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Falloff Well Testing

Falloff Well Testing

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Published by Aditya Ariewijaya

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Published by: Aditya Ariewijaya on Sep 10, 2013
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03/10/2014

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The Nuts and Bolts of Falloff Testing
Ken Johnson
Environmental Engineer (214) 665-8473 johnson.ken-e@epa.gov
Susie Lopez
Engineer (214) 665-7198lopez.susan@epa.gov
Sponsored by EPA Region 6Sponsored by EPA Region 6
March 5, 2003
Ken Johnson has a BS in Chemical Engineering from Texas A&M and a Master inCivil Engineering with an Environmental Engineering option from the University of Texas at Arlington. Ken has worked in the Region 6 Groundwater/UIC Sectionreviewing no migration petition submittals; injection well pressure transient tests;and production logs for the past 4 years. Prior to the EPA, Ken worked over 3 yearsat the TNRCC Region 4 Office in Arlington as an Industrial and Hazardous WasteField Inspector. Ken also has extensive injection well experience, having workedover 13 years in the oil and gas industry and served as one of the company’s expertsin falloff test analysis. Ken is a Registered Professional Engineer in Texas andholds an industrial and hazardous waste inspector certification from the TNRCC.Susie Lopez has a BS in Mechanical Engineering from Oklahoma State Universityand is a registered Professional Engineer in the State of Oklahoma. Susie hasworked with EPA’s Ground Water/UIC Section for the past eleven years where shehas been involved with the processing of no migration petitions and the review of falloff tests for Class I hazardous waste injection wells. Prior to the EPA, Susieworked with falloff tests for ten years in the oil and gas industry in the production,reservoir, and reservoir simulation engineering aspects of the industry.
 
What’s the Point of a Falloff Test?
Satisfy regulations
Measure reservoir pressures
Obtain reservoir parameters
Provide data for AOR calculations
40 CFRPart 14840 CFR Part 146
1.
Both the nonhazardous and hazardous regulations in 40 CFR Part 146 havemonitoring requirements that state the Director 
shall
require monitoring of the pressure buildup in the injection zone annually, including at a minimum, a shutdown of the well for a time sufficient to conduct a valid observation of the pressure falloff curve.§146.13 (Non-haz) / §146.68 (Haz)Though the regulations may not directly require a falloff test be conducted for Class II wells, the Director can request additional testing to ensure protection of the USDW.2. Injection and static reservoir pressure measurements can determine if anendangerment or no migration problem exists3. Transmissibility value, kh/
:
, provides a permeability value for use in the UIC permit and no migration petition demonstrations.4. These reservoir parameters are used to estimate the maximum pressure buildup inthe reservoir for the AOR or ZEI calculations and to support the modeling parameters in a no migration petition.
 
Characterize injection interval
Identify reservoir anomalies
Evaluate completion conditions
Identify completion anomalies
What’s the Point of a Falloff Test?
A falloff test can be used to characterize the nature of theinjection zone such as indicating if the interval ishomogeneous or naturally fractured.The test may identify reservoir anomalies such as a faults, pinchouts, or boundary from late time data.The wellbore skin value evaluates the completion condition of the well by indicating if the well is damaged or stimulated, i.e.,acidized or frac’d.Tests can also identify completion anomalies such as partial penetration for a well with wellbore fill or only completed in a portion of a thick sand.

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