Department of Chemistry
Stage 2 Chemistry Social Relevance Projects.
Standards are materials containing a known concentration of an analyte. They provide areference to determine unknown concentrations or to calibrate analytical instruments.Theaccuracy of an analytical measurement is how close a result comes to the true value.
Determining the accuracy of a measurement usually requires calibration of the analytical methodwith a known standard. This is often done with standards of several concentrations to make acalibration or working curve.
A primary standard is a reagent that is extremely pure, stable, has no waters of hydration, and hasa high molecular weight.
Some primary standards for titration of acids:
sodium carbonate: Na
, mol wt. = 105.99 g/mol
-(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (TRIS or THAM): (CH
, mol wt. =121.14 g/mol
Some primary standards for titration of bases:
potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHP): KHC
, mol wt. = 204.23 g/mol
potassium hydrogen iodate: KH(IO
, mol wt. = 389.92 g/mol
Some primary standards for redox titrations:
potassium dichromate: K
, mol wt. = 294.19 g/mol