1] Art and science of Meditation
Meditation is the process of training, taming and transforming thehuman mind for the purpose of expanding mental capacity and forachieving higher mental growth. Meditation is the process of developing the mind. It is the process of de-conditioning and re-conditioning of the mind.Swami Shree Chinmayanandji in his book
“Meditation and Life
” saysthat ‘meditation is the art of training the mind. This secret alchemy of changing the baser men by the mysterious and spiritual touch of scriptural knowledge into the rich glow of divine charm and goldenbrilliance is the art of meditation’. He also adds further that
it is the elaborate technique of training the mind to forget its haunting dreams,visions of the world and to remember its glorious native visions of human.
Training the mind
In fact meditation is the art and science of training the mind. Beforeunderstanding the process of meditation, it is imperative tounderstand the anatomy and physiology of the mind. Human body isthe combination of several organs and systems. The central nervoussystem controls all the body functions. It consists of the brain and thespinal chord. In addition to the central organs there is a net work of nerves, which is called as the peripheral nervous system. There arefive sensory organs. These are eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin. These sensory organs are responsible for providing information of theoutside world to the brain. For example eyes are responsible for visualinformation, ears are responsible for auditory information, skin isresponsible for tactile information, nose gives the informationregarding the smell and tongue is responsible for knowing varioustastes. The principal aim of life is survival. And the brain continuously protects the body from the harmful effect of the outside world, with thehelp of the information received by its various sensory organs. Inaddition, the brain also controls all the internal body systems. This isdone with the help of hormones and special network of the nervesknown as autonomic nervous system. This system is responsible forcontrolling, regulating and coordinating various systems of the body.Hormones and autonomic nervous system regulates the internal body functions in such a way that it can fulfill all the demands of the body