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Hamid Choudhry, A073 538 314 (BIA Sept. 4, 2013)

Hamid Choudhry, A073 538 314 (BIA Sept. 4, 2013)

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In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissed a DHS appeal and upheld the termination of proceedings after finding that selling contraband cigarettes in violation of 18 U.S.C. 371 was not an aggravated felony under INA 101(a)(43)(M) or a crime involving moral turpitude because fraud or deceit were not necessary elements of the offense. The decision was written by Member Roger Pauley.
In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissed a DHS appeal and upheld the termination of proceedings after finding that selling contraband cigarettes in violation of 18 U.S.C. 371 was not an aggravated felony under INA 101(a)(43)(M) or a crime involving moral turpitude because fraud or deceit were not necessary elements of the offense. The decision was written by Member Roger Pauley.

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Published by: Immigrant & Refugee Appellate Center on Sep 10, 2013
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06/14/2014

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Griin, Thomas M., EsqSuin
&
Gin P.C.
3 
Cestut Stee Sute
3 
Philadelpha, PA 
9
Name: CHOUDRY, HAMID
US Deparen o uie
cutiv c r Iigron Rv
Board ofImmigration Appealsce of he Cerk
507 Leburg Pike, Sute 2000Fls Chch Vin 2204
S LITork Co PsoO
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Cite as: Hamid Choudhry, A073 538 314 (BIA Sept. 4, 2013)
For more unpublished BIA decisions, visit www.irac.net/unpublished
 
US
Departmet of Jutice
·
Execve Oe r an Reew
I
Fa C, Vgna 
4
Fi:073 538 314 Yor, PA
Decn f e ad fa Aeal
:
SEP
-
4 2013
In re:HAMICOUDRYka .Muh
am
d Hmid aka .Hamit Choudhry
REMOVL PROCEEGSAEON EHLF O RESPOENT Thoms M.  EsqirO EHLF O HSWilli E LorSnior AoyCHARGE: oic: Sc.237()(2)()(iii), I& c [8 U.SC. § 1227()()(A)(iii)] -Convicd o gvd ony (s dnd in scion 10l()(43)())Sc237()(2)()(iii), I N c 8 SC § 1227()()()(iii)] -Convicdo gvd lony (s dnd in scion 10l()(43)())Lodgd Sc 237()(2)(A)(ii), &N c8 U.S.C § 1227()()()(ii)]Convicd o wo or mor crims involving morl uriudLICTON TinionTh rsondn,  lw n rsidn o h nid Ss, is  niv nd ciizn oPkisn.Th rmn o omnd Scury (HS"), ls h Aril 4, 203, dcisiono h Immiion Judg rmining hs rocdings. Th  wll b dismissd.OnJly 13, 201, h rsondn w convicd o md Obsrucing Govndminisrionin h Scond gr in violion o Nw Yor Pna w § § 11000 nd 95 05(.J 
 
Exh. 2, Tb F) Subsquny, on Ocobr 3, 202, h rsondn wconvicd o Consircy o Sl Conrbnd Cigrs in violion o 18 U.SC §371(J 1 Exh 2, Tb C). Th HS ssrs  h 202 convicion is r n ggrvd ony,o wi,  consircy ons involving ud or dci in which h loss o h vicim xcdd
$JO,OOO. ee 
scions 10l()(43)(M) d ) o h Immiion  ionliy Ac,
 
SC.§§1101()(43)(M) nd (U). Th HS hus rgus h h Immigrion Judg d indismissing h chrg o rmovbiiy undr scion 237()()(A)(iii) o h c, 8 USC.§1227()()(A)(iii) (J.  4-5) nddiion, h HS clims h h rsondns convicionsrr crims invoving mor uriud (CIMT") no rising ou o h s schm ocriminl misconduc Thrr, h HS connds h h iion Judg d indismissing h chrg o rmovbiliy ursu o scion 37()(2)(A)(ii) o h c
Cite as: Hamid Choudhry, A073 538 314 (BIA Sept. 4, 2013)
 
05 
The HS bes te buren of provng removability by cle an convincng evience.
 
CFR. §
0
The eteination of whether an alien's convicton is r an agavatelony entas appication of the categorica approach articuate in
Tayor v U 95
U.S
55990 Borrome v Aorey Geera of  6
F.3
50 55
(3 Cir.
 0
ikewiseecingwhete a conviction is  a CMT eques applcaton of the categorica approach
JeaLov Aoey Geera of  5
F3
 6 
(3d Cir.
 009
(declining to defer to
Maer of vaTrevo 
&N ec
 6
(AG
 00
Ths involves lookng to the elementsof the stautory oense ( not the aen's conduct to ascen the least cupabe conducthyoheticaly necessa to sustan a conviction
Par v Aoey Geera of  
F3
 0 
(3d Ci.
 005
e statute er whch the responent was convicte n
 0
provdesf wo o more persons conspie to commit any oense aganst the United States
or
to deau the Unte States or any agency thereof in any manner or  anypuosed one or moe of such persons o any act to eect the object of theconspiracy each sha be ne uner ths ttle or mprsone not more than veyears or both
 
U.SC §
 
(empass addehe Imiation Juge coecty un that this stauteis divisible because it ists potental eements n the alteative (J at
  ee Deampv Ued ae 
S.Ct
 6  0; Ued ae v Ra 605
F3d
9 0 
(3 Cr
 00
t is thus necessary to appy the moie categorcal approachbyexaminng certan ocuments comprsing the reco of convicton" to etene whether heresponent was convicted of an aggravate feony
JeaLo pra
at
 66  hepard v  5
U.S.
 6 005
The Jugment shows that the responent pe gulty to
 
US.C §
 
Conspre to Sell Conaban Cgaettes" (Exh.
 
Tab C Moeove thelea Agreement provdeswil enter a pea of guity to Cots [sic
of the nictment Cot
chgesthat knowingy  wlllly conspired with other pesons to knowingly shiptansportreceive possess sel distribute  purchase contraban cigaretes asthat term is ene in ite

Unite States Code Section
 
to wt aqutty of moe tan
0000
cigaetes which boe no evdence of thepayment of appicabe State cgarette txes n violaton of 
 
USC §
 
al in violationof 
 
US.C § 37(Exh
 
Tab C. We aee with he mmigration Juge that te conviction documents submitteby the S show that the espondent was convicted of conspiring to comit an oense againste Unte States (ie. voation of a reguatory statute as oppose to deaung" theUted States
lJ.
at
5 ee  
.SC. §
 
Thus the HS has not show hat au o ecetwere necessary elements of the responent's conviction under 
 
.SC. §
 
Futherore the esponent ped guty to an unerying oense statng that i]t shall beunlaw  y peson knowingy to shp transport eceive possess sel distribute or purchase contraban cigettes or contaban smokeess tobacco"
 
U.SC. §
 ; eeMaer of Vo 5
&ec.
 6 -0
(A
 0
(concung that it is necessary to exine
 
Cite as: Hamid Choudhry, A073 538 314 (BIA Sept. 4, 2013)

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