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Bobbin Driver - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

Bobbin Driver - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

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Published by: Neeraʆ Kumar on Sep 11, 2013
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8/29/13Bobbin driver - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bobbin_driver1/2
Bobbin driver
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Throughout history, lockstitch sewing machines have used a variety of methods to drive their bobbins so as to create the lockstitch.
NamesInventedDescription Picture Notes Transverseshuttle
Longitudinalshuttle1846 by Elias Howe
[1]
Transverse shuttles carry the bob bin in a boat-shapedshuttle, and reciprocate the shuttle along a straighthorizontal shaft. The design was popularized in Singer's'New Family' machine.
[2]
The design became obsoleteonce the other bo bbin driver designs were developed.
[3]
Shuttle from a
transverseshuttle
bobbin driver 
Sometimesincorrectlycalled an"oscillatingshuttle".
Vibratingshuttle
1850 by AllenB. Wilson
[4]
Figure 2 from Wilson's patent7776, showing vibating shuttle
Vibrating shuttle machines carry their bo bbin in a bullet- shaped shuttle, and reciprocate their shuttle through ashort arc. The design was popularized in the WhiteSewing Machine Company's 'White Sewing Machine'and Singer's 27-series machines.
[5]
Now obsolete.
[6]
Shuttle from a
vibrating shuttle
 bobbin driver 
 Mainarticle:Vibrating  shuttle
Rotaryhook 
Rotatinghook Rotary looptaker 
[7]
Revolvinghook 1851 by Allen B. Wilson
[8]
Figures from Wilson's patent9041, showing rotary hook and bobbin
Rotary hook machines hold their bobbin stationary, andcontinuously rotate the thread hook around it. Thedesign was popularized in the White Sewing MachineCompany's 'Family Rotary' sewing machine
[9]
andSinger's models 95 and 115.
[10]
Hook from a
rotary hook 
 bobbin driver 
 Mainarticle: Rotaryhook 
Oscillatingshuttle
1877 by Lebbeus B. Miller andPhillip Diehl
[11]
Figure 10 from Miller/Diehl patent208838, showing oscillatingshuttle
Oscillating shuttle machines mount their bobbin on thehook, and reciprocate the hook through a short arc. Thedesign was popularized in Singer's models 15 'ImprovedFamily' and 31.
[12]
Shuttle and bobbin from an
oscillating shuttle
bobbindriver 
 

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