Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Application of Coaxial Dielectric Barrier Discharge for Potable and Waste Water Treatment (M. M. Kuraica)

Application of Coaxial Dielectric Barrier Discharge for Potable and Waste Water Treatment (M. M. Kuraica)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 23|Likes:
A coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) closed system has been developed, constructed and described. DBD has obtained in the gap within layer of flowing water which covers an inner electrode and the glass tube protecting the outer electrode of the coaxial DBD closed system. In such discharge system an intensive ozone production and dissolution in water is enabled. In the waste water treatment a substantial decrease of chemical oxygen and potassium permanganate demands.
A coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) closed system has been developed, constructed and described. DBD has obtained in the gap within layer of flowing water which covers an inner electrode and the glass tube protecting the outer electrode of the coaxial DBD closed system. In such discharge system an intensive ozone production and dissolution in water is enabled. In the waste water treatment a substantial decrease of chemical oxygen and potassium permanganate demands.

More info:

Published by: THE NIKOLA TESLA INSTITUTE on Sep 11, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/14/2014

pdf

text

original

 
APPLICATION OF COAXIAL DIELECTRIC BARRIER DISCHARGEFOR POTABLE AND WASTE WATER TREATMENT
M. M. Kuraica
1,2
, B. M. Obradovi
ć
1,2
, D. Manojlovi
ć
3
,D. R. Ostoji
ć
 
3
and J. Puri
ć
1,2
 
1
Faculty of Physics, PO Box 368, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro, kuki@ff.bg.ac.yu
2
Center for Science and Techn. Development, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
3
Faculty of Chemistry, PO Box 158, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
Abstract.
A coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) closed system has beendeveloped, constructed and described. DBD has obtained in the gap within layer of flowing water which covers an inner electrode and the glass tube protectingthe outer electrode of the coaxial DBD closed system. In such discharge systeman intensive ozone production and dissolution in water is enabled. In the wastewater treatment a substantial decrease of chemical oxygen and potassium permanganate demands.Key words: dielectric barrier discharge, ozone, potable water, waste water 
Introduction
After many years of using chlorine in water disinfection, it was concluded thatits usage in potable water treatment can be harmful for human health. For instance threehalometanes, produced in such way, are cancerogene compounds.Therefore The World Health Organization recommended and some of moredeveloped countries have already started to use ozone in potable water treatment. In about 3000 cities the potable water is supplied after oxidation anddisinfection by ozone. The main advantage in using ozone instead of chlorine isin very rear production of harmful compounds in the case of bromine presence.On the other hand, there are many positive effects in using ozone. Here onlymain of them are listed:
Large ozone efficiency in oxidation of the compounds present in water owing to large redox potential in comparison with chlorine (2.07–1.36 V);
Large efficiency in degradation of organic compounds and biodegradationof produced byproducts;
Ozone spontaneous transition to oxygen and therefore, acceptable fromthe reason of better environmental protection;
Ozone action on the large spectrum of microorganisms.
 
Beside here mentioned positive effects ozone application has severaldisadvantages mainly of technical nature:
Ozone has to be produced at the place of application because of its fastspontaneous transition to oxygen, and therefore is not transportable;
Relatively small conversion efficiency in the ozone production from air (4 – 6%) or from oxygen (6 – 12%);
Relatively expensive power supplies with working voltages close to 10kV within frequency range (50 – 50 000 Hz);
Ozone gas off is not allowed.In classical ozone generator ozone is produced by treating air or oxygen gasflowing through the inter electrode space of the electric discharge. Siemensconstructed and patented for this purposes a device based on DBD (Fig 1.) in1893th year, and thereafter in The Netherlands, for instance, the ozoneapplication started in the production of potable water.Fig 1.
Figure 1. Siemens’ ozonizer 
A large number of published papers and great research effort were devoted tothe increasing of conversion efficiency of oxygen to ozone by optimizingdischarge parameters, appropriately chousing electrode configurations, spatialmaterials for its construction, different catalysts, changing working frequenciesor even working in pulse regime [1].However, a progress was realized and described by Okazaki et al. [2]. Thisgroup of authors was successful in realization of DBD in the air at atmospheric pressure, believing to be impossible, up to their undertaking, to operate at 50 Hzin the glow mode. Namely before that time it was believed that the glowdischarge cannot be stabilized and sustainable at atmospheric pressure. It isnecessary to avoid transition to high current discharge mode, whichconsequently results in an arc discharge, destructive for the electrodes. Theachievements, described so far, were followed by systematic research of manygroups of authors attempting to optimize the parameters of DBD systemsworking under such conditions (in the air at atmospheric pressure). It isinstructive to mention only One Atmospheric Uniform Glow Discharge Plasma(OAUGDP) [3] among many of the sources of different configurations. It is the
 
source of coplanar configuration very often used in medicine and industryapplications such as sterilization, thin layer deposition, surface activation of different materials, etc. [4,5]At present different DBD electrode configurations are used (fig 2) withfollowing characteristics: operation at atmospheric pressure between metalelectrodes of which one is protected with insulator layer, barrier, alternatevoltage with maximum higher of the discharge breakdown voltage for a givenelectrode gap and working gas. Different glasses and ceramics are commonlyused as the isolating materials. The discharge is usually organized through alarge number of filamentary channels (streamers, 100 – 200
µ
m in diameter).They are form by the electron avalanche moving from one of the metalelectrodes (which may, but not must be covered by insulator) and are terminatedat the insulator protecting the other electrode being at that particular instant of time positive. The streamers last 10 – 100 ns enabling a charge transfer duringthat time. This negative electric charge is accumulated at very small surfaceelement of the insulator as free surface charge. Its electric field increasingquickly, causing the current decreasing up to filamentary discharge channelstermination. Number of streamers can be large enough to transfer sufficientlycharge during one half period of the alternative current signal. At a registeredcurrent signal the streamer formations are presented as the series of peaks as itcan be seen at Fig.3a.Such kind of the discharges operating in filamentary mode when the sign of the alternative current signal is changed the cycle of the discharge and streamersformation is repeated with the largest probability to start from the place of thesurface with some charge not being transfer during previous current half period.That is why DBD is characterized by memory effect.Duration of one streamer in DBD is of great importance. It has to be short
Figure 2. Different DBD configurations. Black – metal electrode, gray – insulator.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->