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Characteristics of Ozone Production by Using Atmospheric Surface Glow Barrier Discharge

Characteristics of Ozone Production by Using Atmospheric Surface Glow Barrier Discharge

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Ozone is a strong oxidizer that can kill bacteria and other microorganisms
very effectively. In the recent years, ozone has become very
important for sterilization of water used in shrimp farming and treatment of
wastewater from food industry. However, ozonisers available in the markets
are very expensive and have low energy-efficiency. In this work, a highlyefficient
and low-cost system that can produce high-concentrations of ozone
gas and dissolved ozone in water has been developed. The system consists
of a dried air unit, high-voltage rf power supply, ozoniser tubes and venturi
injector. The tubes are designed and configured to convert oxygen gas to
ozone gas by atmospheric surface glow barrier discharge.
Ozone is a strong oxidizer that can kill bacteria and other microorganisms
very effectively. In the recent years, ozone has become very
important for sterilization of water used in shrimp farming and treatment of
wastewater from food industry. However, ozonisers available in the markets
are very expensive and have low energy-efficiency. In this work, a highlyefficient
and low-cost system that can produce high-concentrations of ozone
gas and dissolved ozone in water has been developed. The system consists
of a dried air unit, high-voltage rf power supply, ozoniser tubes and venturi
injector. The tubes are designed and configured to convert oxygen gas to
ozone gas by atmospheric surface glow barrier discharge.

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Published by: THE NIKOLA TESLA INSTITUTE on Sep 11, 2013
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Characteristics of Ozone Productionby Using Atmospheric Surface Glow Barrier Discharge
Mudtorlep NISOA
1,2
and Thammanoon SRINUAM
1,2
 
1
 Plasma Agricultural Application Research Unit, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80161, Thailand 
2
ThEP Center, CHE, 328 Si Ayutthaya Rd., Bangkok 10400, Thailand 
(E-mail: nmudtorl@wu.ac.th)
 ABSTRACT
Ozone is a strong oxidizer that can kill bacteria and other micro-organisms very effectively. In the recent years, ozone has become veryimportant for sterilization of water used in shrimp farming and treatment of wastewater from food industry. However, ozonisers available in the marketsare very expensive and have low energy-efficiency. In this work, a highly-efficient and low-cost system that can produce high-concentrations of ozonegas and dissolved ozone in water has been developed. The system consistsof a dried air unit, high-voltage rf power supply, ozoniser tubes and venturiinjector. The tubes are designed and configured to convert oxygen gas toozone gas by atmospheric surface glow barrier discharge.
Keywords:
Ozone, atmospheric surface glow barrier discharge,
 
oxidizer,sterilization of water, wastewater treatment
Walailak J Sci & Tech 2009; 6(2): 283-292.
SHORT COMMUNICATIONS
 
 284
INTRODUCTION
Ozone has been known to be very strong oxidizer that can kill
 Escherichia coli
  bacteria and other micro-organisms effectively [1,2]. Dissolved ozone having aconcentration of 0.3 ppm can reduce the amount of 
 E. coli
 by more than 99 % within 2min. Therefore, in recent years, ozone has become very important for the sterilization of water used in shrimp farming and treatment of wastewater from the food industry. Sinceozone is unstable and decomposes to oxygen within
ca
. 10 min without harmful by- products, using ozone is friendly to the environment. Ozone technology is necessary for the sustainability of water use in industries. However, ozonisers available on the marketare quite expensive and have low energy-efficiency [3,4]. In this paper, we havedeveloped a highly-efficient and low-cost system that can produce highly concentratedof ozone gas and dissolved ozone in water. Dependence of ozone concentration on rf  power and gas flow-rate will be shown.
MATERIALS AND METHODSFigure 1
shows the schematic diagram of the experimental setup consisting of the ozone generator, a resonant high-voltage high-frequency power supply [9], air dryer unit and ozone venturi injector. The system is composed of dried air unit, high-voltagerf power supply, ozoniser tubes and venturi injector. The configuration of the tube iscarefully designed to convert oxygen gas to ozone gas by atmospheric surface glow barrier discharge [3-6]. The discharge occurs at the dielectric surface of the Pyrex glassgenerating highly active non-equilibrium plasmas at atmospheric pressure. Therefore,ozone is formed during the discharges of air or oxygen gas. Monitoring of the ozone gasand dissolved ozone in water is achieved with a ozone monitor model C-30ZX fromECO Sensors Inc. and the indigo colorimetric method [7,8], respectively. In the ozonegenerator there are 8 ozoniser tubes connected in series as shown in
Figure 2
.
M NISOA and T SRINUAM
 
285
Figure 1
Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.
 
Figure 2
Eight ozoniser tubes connected in series to produce maximum ozone concentration.
Figure 3
shows the schematic detail of the air dryer consisting of 2 columns adesiccant air dryer and a refrigerated air dryer. The 4 solenoid valves are controlledautomatically to optimize the working conditions of the air dryer. Therefore dried andcool air having a dewpoint less than −10
o
C can be obtained. Reduction of moisture inthe air is very important for highly efficient of ozone production in the discharges [10].Once the ozone gas is generated, it is fed into the venturi injector to mix with the water,and more than 80 % of the ozone gas is dissolved.
OZONE PRODUCTION BY SURFACE GLOW BARRIER DISCHARGE

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