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Common Citation Info

Common Citation Info

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Published by Emily
I encountered some formatting issues with this document as I uploaded it. If you would like a better copy, email me and I will send you one.
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Published by: Emily on Jun 24, 2009
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A QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE TO CITATIONS FOR SOME OF THE MOSTCOMMON TYPES OF SOURCESIN-TEXT CITATIONS:
unless otherwise noted, these come at the end of the sentence or section where you include a quote, summary, or paraphrase.1.
Direct quote:
“direct quotes need quotation marks around them” (author’s lastname, year of publication, page #). Example: (Smith, 2001, p. 35).2.
Paraphrase or summary where author’s name is not given in the sentence:
this citation will look very similar to the citation for a direct quote (author’s lastname, year of publication, page #). Example: (Smith, 2001, p.35).3.
Paraphrase or summary where author’s name is given in the sentence:
If yougive the author’s name in the sentence, you do not need to include it again in your in-text citation. (year of publication, page #). Example: (2001, p. 35). Someinstructors may ask you to include this information directly after you mention theauthor’s name. If this is the case, the formatting is exactly the same, you just putthe citation within the sentence instead of at the end of the sentence. Example:According to Smith (2001, p. 35) some people are wary of the Twinkie because of its unbelievably long shelf life.4.
Group as author:
If an entire group is recognized as the author of a particular source, use the group name just as you would use an individual’s name. (groupname, year of publication, page #). (Americans for the Appreciation of Snack-foods, 1999, p.56)5.
Unknown or unidentified author:
If you can’t find an author or a group listedfor a source, you will use the title of the source instead of a person’s or a group’sname. (“When Twinkies Go Bad,” 1999).6.
Article from an Online journal or database:
treat this just like you would a printed source. Your in-text citation should include the last name of the author,the year of publication, and a page number. Some articles will not have pagenumbers. If you can’t find a page number, include ¶ followed by a paragraphnumber. (Johnson, 2003, ¶ 13).7.
Website:
When you make an in-text citation for a website, use the last name of the author. If you cannot locate an author, you want to give the basic address for the website in parentheses. For example, if your website address iswww.twinkiesaresupernatural.com/09809809345, you do not need to include the/098… Instead, your in-text citation will look like this(www.twinkiesaresupernatural.com).Document created by Emily Russell (ITT composition tutor)Information taken from Prentice Hall Reference Guide 6
th
edition, ed. Muriel HarrisMaterials cited in examples are all fictitious
 
REFERENCE LIST CITATIONS:
your reference list citations should be inalphabetical order. You need to include a reference list citation for every source you use.1.
Book by one author:
When you cite a book by one author, you need to includethe author’s last name, followed by his/her first initial and a period. Second, youneed the year of publication in parentheses. Next, include the name of the book,followed by a period. Finally, write out the city or state where the book wasreleased, colon, and the name of the publishing company. Example:Johnson, S. (2004). Why Can’t Kangaroos Compete in the Olympics andOther Questions You Will Probably Never Ask. LosAngeles: Odd Ideas Publishing Company.2.
Book by two or more authors:
When you cite a book by two or more authors,you will follow the citation format above with one small difference. List eachauthor’s last name, comma, first initial. Include an & in front of the last author you list. Example:Johnson, S., Kirk, D., & Allen, A. (2005). If Penguins Could Fly,They Would. Los Angeles: Odd Ideas Publishing Company.
 
3.
Book by a Group or Corporation:
When citing a publication by a group, usethe group’s name instead of an individual’s name. Everything else stays the same.Example:Americans Dedicated to Twinkie Preservation. (2000). Things YouShould Know About Twinkies. New York: How TheCookie Crumbles Press.4.
Edited Volume:
If you are working with a book that has an editor instead of anauthor, list the editor as you would an author and then include (Ed.) after theeditor’s name. Example:Smart, S. (Ed.). (1980). Essays about Penguins. New York: OddIdeas Publishing Company.5.
Article or chapter in an edited book:
If you want to cite just one article or chapter in a book that is a collection of writings from many different authors, youwant to use the last name, first initial of the author of the chapter or article you areciting. Include the publication date next, just like you would in any citation.Follow this with the title of the article or chapter you are using. Next, write theword “In” and then include the first initial and last name of the editor of theedition and Ed. in parentheses. Follow this information with the name of the book, then the page numbers for the chapter in parentheses. Finally, include the place of publication, colon, and the name of the publication company. Example:Flight, J. (1980). What I thought about when I thought aboutPenguins. In S. Smart (Ed.), Essays about Penguins. (pp. 45-76). New York: Odd Ideas Publishing CompanyDocument created by Emily Russell (ITT composition tutor)Information taken from Prentice Hall Reference Guide 6
th
edition, ed. Muriel HarrisMaterials cited in examples are all fictitious

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