43International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies
A Feasibility Study on Production of Solid Fuel from Glycerol and AgriculturalWaste
, and Malee Santikunaporn
Department of Mechanical engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, THAILAND
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, THAILAND
A R T I C L E I N F O
A B S T RA C T
:Received 23 August 2010Received in revised form23 September 2010Accepted 26 September 2010Available online26 September 2010
:solid fuelglycerolagricultural wastedurian shell bagasse
A main goal of the study is to produce solid fuel from glycerol and agricultural wastes in order to find an alternative energy suitable for household usage. In the study, durian shell and bagasse, which are leftover raw materials, were selected to be mixed with by-product glycerol wastefrom biodiesel process. Durian shell and bagasse were dried and grinded before mixing process. Heating values of each raw material weremeasured using an adiabatic bomb calorimeter. In order to evaluatefeasibility of the production, the various mixing proportions of the mixturewere tested by several means, i.e. strength test, heating value measurement,and exhaust gas analysis.
2010 International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies. Some Rights Reserved.
Fuels derived from petroleum are the majority of energy in the world. However, due to crudeoil price fluctuations and environmental concerns, alternative and renewable energy become more preferable than conventional fuels. In past decades, the use of agricultural waste to producealternative fuel has drawn interest from several countries, especially from agricultural countries.Thailand is an agricultural country where has a clear advantage over other industrial countries dueto high yield of agricultural products and huge leftover wastes that could turn to be alternative