Computer – is a fast electronic computational device operating under the control of instructions stored inits own memory unit that can accept data(input), perform prescribed operations on the data (processing), produce result from the processing (output), and store the result for the future use (storage).The term computer is derived from the word “compute” that suggests computation or calculation.But this idea is misleading, although this is one of the functions of a computer. A computer can work efficiently if given a proper instruction through a PROGRAM.A
is a set of instructions that tells the computer what to do. This program will not work effectively inside the compute unless somebody (computer user) will manipulate it correctly. Thcomputer needs outside intervention to work accurately.Advantages of a computer.
Generates information at high speed
The computer can manipulate a huge amount of data in nanoseconds (1x10
seconds); with this thecomputer user can be more productive because of the tremendous amount of time that can be saved.
Process data accurately
A computer is reliable. It rarely makes erros. Computer errors are often caused by erroneous input of data.
Saves and retrieves information
In today’s computer technology, a computer can store a large amount of data through secondary storagedevices such as diskettes, hard disks, CD-ROM Disks (Read Only Memory), flash memory cards,magnetic tape, etc.It can also recall information at lightning speed. The information can easily be retrieved from previouslystored information, modify it, and then store it again.
Performs logical operations
A computer can be of great help in solving complex problems that require a certain decision. It canlogically manipulate data using logical operators (>, <, +, /, x, =).
Communicates with other users or with the machine
A computer can actually instruct the user how to debug his work. A certain message is shown on thescreen when the users commits an error and doesn’t know what to do.Limitations of Computers
Cannot generate information on its own.
A computer cannot produce information unless it is fed with correct data or sequence of instruction. Thecommon term in the world of computer is GIGO (Garbage In, Garbage Out).
Inability to derive its own meaning from objects
Although a computer can perform arithmetic and logical operations, hence can produce output in terms of numbers or letters, it has no capacity to interpret the results. A computer cannot respond to human