Diseases caused by fungi and bacteria
Bacterial speck is a bacterial disease and resultsin small, black spots on leaves, stems and ruits otomatoes, at all stages o growth. It is most commonrom winter to mid spring. Copper hydroxide may givesome control.
Clubroot is a ungus disease that only aects Brassicas(the broccoli amily). Plants are yellowish and stunted,with large malormed ‘clubbed’ roots. Clubroot maybe severe in warm weather. Avoid growing brassicasin the same area or our years and lime the soil i it isacidic.
Damping-o ungal diseases such as Pythium may killsmall seedlings o most vegetables. Seedlings die beorethey emerge or soon ater emergence, which results inplant collapse. Damage may occur all year, mainly in wetconditions. Do not over-water and ensure that plantsare not too crowded.
In spring, with mild, humid weather, downy mildewungus disease can cause greyish-white patches onthe leaves o onions, which can droop rom the tips.Caulifowers, peas and lettuce may show white, downygrowth on the underside o the leaves. With rhubarb,patches develop which tear to produce holes in theleaves. The ungus that causes downy mildew in aparticular crop is speciic to that crop. Control withmancozeb or copper hydroxide.
Leaf spot diseases
There are many types o lea spot diseases that canaect beetroot, broad beans, carrots celery, peas,potatoes (early blight) silverbeet and tomatoes (targetspot). Sometimes the lea spots cause only slightdamage, but i necessary, control with mancozeb orcopper hydroxide.
Powdery mildew is a ungal disease. In warm, moistconditions, white patches occur on the suraces o olderleaves and leaves turn brown and shrivel. The diseaseis common with the cucurbit amily such as cucumbers,melons, pumpkins and zucchini. It may also occur inpeas and strawberries. Sulphur sprays will help tocontrol the disease, but do not spray on hot days.
Downy mildew on onionsTarget spot on tomatoesPowdery mildew on cucumber Damping off by Rhizoctonia