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Diseases of Home Vegetables

Diseases of Home Vegetables

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Published by draculavanhelsing
fact sheet
fact sheet

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Published by: draculavanhelsing on Sep 12, 2013
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03/25/2014

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The Chie Executive Ofcer o the Department o Agriculture and Food and the State o Western Australia accept no liability whatsoever by reason o negligence or otherwise arising rom the use or release o this inormation or any part o it.
 
Important DisclaimerFor more information visit our website www.agric.wa.gov.auNote: 124
By John Burt, Horticulture, Harald Hoffmann, Biosecurity Communications, Darryl Hardie, Entomology and Hossein Golzar, Plant Pathology, South Perth
Main diseases of vegetablesin the home garden
Home gardeners requently see diseases aectingtheir vegetables. Usually they would have seen themin previous seasons, and the symptoms look amiliar.However, there are occasions, when an unusual disease(not native to Western Australia) can occur. Exotic pestsare a concern or the arming community, as they couldthreaten the agricultural and horticultural industriesand increase the price o production and cost to theconsumer.This gardennote describes the most common diseaseso vegetables in home gardens.Please report anything unusual to the Pest and DiseaseInormation Service (see last page).
Bacterial speck on tomatoes: leaves (photo by AVRDC)Bacterial speck on tomatoes: fruit Clubroot on brassicas
 
Diseases caused by fungi and bacteria
Bacterial speck 
Bacterial speck is a bacterial disease and resultsin small, black spots on leaves, stems and ruits otomatoes, at all stages o growth. It is most commonrom winter to mid spring. Copper hydroxide may givesome control.
Clubroot
Clubroot is a ungus disease that only aects Brassicas(the broccoli amily). Plants are yellowish and stunted,with large malormed ‘clubbed’ roots. Clubroot maybe severe in warm weather. Avoid growing brassicasin the same area or our years and lime the soil i it isacidic.
Damping-off
Damping-o ungal diseases such as Pythium may killsmall seedlings o most vegetables. Seedlings die beorethey emerge or soon ater emergence, which results inplant collapse. Damage may occur all year, mainly in wetconditions. Do not over-water and ensure that plantsare not too crowded.
Downy mildew
In spring, with mild, humid weather, downy mildewungus disease can cause greyish-white patches onthe leaves o onions, which can droop rom the tips.Caulifowers, peas and lettuce may show white, downygrowth on the underside o the leaves. With rhubarb,patches develop which tear to produce holes in theleaves. The ungus that causes downy mildew in aparticular crop is speciic to that crop. Control withmancozeb or copper hydroxide.
Leaf spot diseases
There are many types o lea spot diseases that canaect beetroot, broad beans, carrots celery, peas,potatoes (early blight) silverbeet and tomatoes (targetspot). Sometimes the lea spots cause only slightdamage, but i necessary, control with mancozeb orcopper hydroxide.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a ungal disease. In warm, moistconditions, white patches occur on the suraces o olderleaves and leaves turn brown and shrivel. The diseaseis common with the cucurbit amily such as cucumbers,melons, pumpkins and zucchini. It may also occur inpeas and strawberries. Sulphur sprays will help tocontrol the disease, but do not spray on hot days.
Downy mildew on onionsTarget spot on tomatoesPowdery mildew on cucumber Damping off by Rhizoctonia
 
Tuber diseases
Potato tubers may be inected with supericial skindiseases, such as common scab, powdery scab andrhizoctonia. Sweet potatoes may be inected by scur.The tubers are oten edible i the inected areas are cutout. Rotate crops and plant rom healthy stock.
Rhizoctonia on young potato plant Powdery scab on potato
White mould (Sclerotinia)
White mould is a ungal disease that can attack mostvegetables, especially beans, celery, lettuce and thebroccoli amily, mainly rom spring to autumn. Sotbrownish water rots develop mainly on the stems,ollowed by a fuy white growth and small black pebble-like bodies. White mould may stay in the soil or manyyears and aect ollowing crops. Do not over-crowd orover-water plants.
Sclerotinia rot on potatoes

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