POLICY COHERENCE FOR INCLUSIVE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Box 1. What is policy coherence for development?
To meet the challenge o achieving sustainable development, governments need to design more eective policiesthat avoid impacts that adversely aect the development prospects o other countries. At the same time, theyneed to enhance their capacities to exploit synergies across dierent policy areas with important cross-borderdimensions, such as trade, investment, agriculture, health, education, environment, migration and developmentco-operation to create environments conducive to development.From this perspective a coherent policy would be one which enables developing country exports to have greateraccess to markets, while also helping them boost their export supply capacity. Conversely, an incoherentpolicy would be one which provides ocial development assistance (ODA) to support a country’s agriculturaldevelopment, while simultaneously blocking their exports and pushing their armers to compete with subsidisedagricultural production.The OECD now sees PCD as a
or integrating the multiple dimensions o development at all stages opolicy making. Its main objectives are to:1) exploit the potential o positive synergies across policies to support development, pursuing win-winsituations and mutual benets;2) increase governments’ capacities to balance divergent policy objectives, and help them to reconciledomestic policy objectives with broader international or global objectives; and3) avoid or minimise the negative side-eects and impacts o policies on development.PCD entails:
ensuring that the interactions among various policies in the economic, social, environmental, legal andpolitical domains support countries on their pathway towards inclusive sustainable growth;
putting in place institutional mechanisms, processes, and tools to produce eective, ecient, sustainableand coherent policies in all sectors;
developing evidence-based analysis, sound data and reliable indicators to inorm decision making andhelp translate political commitments into practice; and
ostering multi-stakeholder policy dialogue to identiy the barriers to, and the catalysts or, change.
be achieved through a new global partnership which “should engage all countries, local authorities,international organisations, businesses, civil society, oundations and other philanthropists, andpeople” (HLP, 2013).
Since the early 1990s, the OECD has played a pivotal role in promoting an approach known as “policycoherence or development” (PCD, see Box 1 or the latest denition
and Figure 1 or how the concepthas evolved). While PCD has traditionally been seen as the main responsibility o donor countries, thepost-2015 development agenda that will replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) calls ora broader and more proactive approach, bringing in many more actors. This brochure outlines theOECD’s refections on what this broader approach could look like, and how OECD expertise couldcontribute.