When I was a boy of fourteen, my father was so ignorant I could hardly stand to have the old man around. But when I got to be twenty-one, I wasastonished at how much he had learned in seven years.Mark Twain, ‘Old Times on the Mississippi’,
1874.I’d like to thank my family, Katja, Kira, and Nicholas for putting up with an absent husband/father as I worked to get this manuscriptright. I’d also like to thank Bruce and Julia at OUP for their insightfulcomments and suggestions.Finally, an extra special thanks to Guenther Bedson for supplyingsome great ideas and being a good friend even in difficult times.The author and publisher are grateful to those who have givenpermission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:‘How to read stock tables’ chart from the New York Stock Exchange website athttp://www.nyse.com/pdfs/NYSE_posterA_Mech.pdf .Reproduced by kind permission of NYSE.Illustrations by Stefan Chabluc, p.
; Ann Johns pp.
.Photographs courtesy of:Corbis, p.
British Museum/photo Bettmann Archive; p.
TajMahal/photo Will & Deni McIntyre, Crazy Horse Memorial by Korczak Ziolkowski/photo Nik Wheeler © Crazy Horse Foundation,Lincoln Memorial by Daniel Chester French/photo Craig Lovell, Vietnam Veterans Memorial/photo Bettmann Archive. Alamy, p.
(tiles/Richard Heyes, milk/Cephas Picture Library).Cover photography courtesy Getty Images/Jon Riley.