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Fuel Field Manual (16)

Fuel Field Manual (16)

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Published by FREDIELABRADOR

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Published by: FREDIELABRADOR on Sep 13, 2013
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02/21/2015

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CHAPTER
10
Safe
Shipping
and
Hazard
Information
for
Common Fuels,Oils,
and
Solvents
Information
is sometimes needed about the human and environmental hazardsassociated
with
handling
and
shipping various petroleum products. This information
can
often
be
obtained
by
utilizing
the
physical property values
and
product
safety
data information compiled
for
hazardous materials. This chapter contains valuable
safety
and
hazard information
for
common
fuels,
oils
and
solvents.
A.
HAZARDOUS
MATERIAL
SHIPPING GUIDELINES
Common
carriers require the following information on hazardous materials before
shipment:
- Proper shipping name-Hazard classordivision
- UN or LD.
number
-
Packing group- Subsidiary riskThese requirements are
briefly
discussed below:
1.
Proper Shipping Name
Proper
description
of the
material being shipped
is the
first
step which must
betaken
to ensure that
fuels
and oils are handled, shipped, stored, and used
properly.
A
listing
of the
most commonly accepted names
for a
variety
of
petroleum products
is
provided
in
TABLE 10-1.
Use of the
designation n.o.s.,
or not
otherwise specified,
follows
some
of the
proper shipping names providedin
TABLE 10-1.
This designationandshipping
name
can be
used
if the
material
to be
shipped
contains
25% or
less
of thehazardous
substance.
If the
material contains greater than
25% of a
single hazard-
ous
substance, the
n.o.s.
designation may not be appropriate.
 
2. Hazard Class or Division
NonhazardousMaterials
Many
materials
may be
classified
as
nonhazardous materials such
as
residue,
scale,
sludge, water, and metal
parts.
These materials may be shipped as
nonhazardous
materials.
Hazardous Materials
Presently, there are nine hazard classes under which hazardous materials are shipped.These are described as
follows:
-
Class
1.
Explosives
-
Class 2. Gas-Class 3. Flammable Liquid
-
Class4.Flammable Solids
-
Class
5.
Oxidizing Substances and Organic Peroxides
-
Class
6.
Toxic and Infectious Substances
-
Class
7.
Radioactive Material
-
Class
8.
Corrosives
-
Class
9.
Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
Most
fuels
and oils are classified as
Flammable
Liquids.
Occasionally Gas samples
and
Flammable Solids
are shipped. Further details describing each of the nine
hazard
classesareprovidedin
TABLE 10-1.
3.
UN or
I.D.
Number
The UN or LD.
number
is
specific
for
each material listed under
the
hazardousmaterials regulation.
TABLE 10-1
contains
UN or LD.
numbers
for
many
commonpetroleum
products.
4.
Packing Group
Identification
of the
correct packing group helps
to
ensure that
the
proper shippingcontainerisusedtotransport hazardous
materials. Selection
of theproper packing
group
also helps to minimize the risk associated with shipping hazardous
materials.
Most hazardous materials are assigned to one of the following packing groups
according to the
level
of
danger they present:
-
Packing Group
I.
Great danger
-
Packing Group
II.
Medium danger
-
Packing Group
III.
Minor danger
5.
Subsidiary Risk
Some materials
may
possess more than
one
hazard risk.
As an
example, methanol
 
is
considered
a
Hazard
Class
3,
Flammable Liquid.
It
also
has a
Subsidiary
Risk
which
falls
in a
Hazard Class 6.1, Toxic Substance.
Subsidiary risks arelisted in
TABLE 10-1.
6.
Packaging
Regulatory
labels describing
the
hazard characteristics
of a
fuel
or oil
sample
are
required
on the
outside
of
boxes
and
containers used
for
shipping
samples.
The
labels
identify
the
samples
as one or
more
of the
following:
-
Flammable
-
Oxidizer
-
Toxic
-
Corrosive
Hazardous Material
Labeling
Guidelines
a)
The
hazard labels must
be
placed
on the box in an
upright position
and
must
notbe
covered
by any
other type
of
marking
or
label.
b) If a
subsidiary
risk
exists
for a
material,
the
subsidiary
risk
label must
be
placed near,but not
on,
theprimary hazard
label.
c) If the
proper shipping name
and UN
number
are not
included
on the
label,
this
information
must
be
printed
on the box
near
the
label.
d)
Also, before air-shipping,
an
orange-colored
Cargo Aircraft Only
label mustbe applied to one side of the shipping container.
7.
INTERNATIONALAND
DOMESTIC CARGO SHIPPING
CARRIERS
Cargo carriers sometimes have special requirements pertaining to shipment of
hazardous
materials.To assist
customers,
most of these carriers provide 24-hourtelephone support to help answer questions about cargoshipments.
TABLE
10-1.Hazardous Material
Shipping
Information(Taken
from
International
Air
Transport
Association
Dangerous
Goods
Regulations,37thEd.
1996.)
UN
or
IJD.
No.
1987
Proper
Shipping
Name/Description
Alcohols,
n.o.s.
Haz.
Class
3
Sub.
RiskHazardLabel
Flamm.
Liquid
Pack
Grp.
II

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