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15334460 Undernutrition Obesity

15334460 Undernutrition Obesity

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Published by: blueariss on Sep 13, 2013
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09/13/2013

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Nutritional DisordersUnder nutrition & Obesity
Dr. Mehzabin Ahmed
 
 
Malnutrition
It is a serious medical and socioeconomicproblem may be a consequence (result) orcause of diseases.Diseases associated with malnutrition:
Anorexia nervosa
Cancers of the stomach & esophagus
Postoperative cases
DementiaNutritional Deficiencies
 
 These include
protein energy malnutrition
vitamin deficiencies
obesity
 
 
Protein energymalnutrition
Protein energy malnutrition affects about 400 million childrenin the world, making it a major health problem. Young childrentend to be most affected because they haveincreased metabolic demandsfor nutrients during the rapidearly growth phase.PEM refers to a range of clinical syndromes characterized byaninadequate dietary intake of proteins and caloriesto meetthe body’s needs.A child whose weightfalls to less than 80% of normalisconsidered asundernourished. When the level falls to 60% of normal weight for sex and age, the child is considered tohave marasmus.

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