It is a serious medical and socioeconomicproblem may be a consequence (result) orcause of diseases.Diseases associated with malnutrition:
Cancers of the stomach & esophagus
protein energy malnutrition
Protein energy malnutrition affects about 400 million childrenin the world, making it a major health problem. Young childrentend to be most affected because they haveincreased metabolic demandsfor nutrients during the rapidearly growth phase.PEM refers to a range of clinical syndromes characterized byaninadequate dietary intake of proteins and caloriesto meetthe body’s needs.A child whose weightfalls to less than 80% of normalisconsidered asundernourished. When the level falls to 60% of normal weight for sex and age, the child is considered tohave marasmus.