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Published by umar khan

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Published by: umar khan on Jun 26, 2009
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Lecture 10Thevenin and Norton EquivalentCircuits
ECE 205Prof. Ali Keyhani
Equivalent Circuits
A two terminal interface:Interface is the connectionbetween circuits
Thevenin equivalent circuit:Norton equivalent circuit:
Conditions for Existence of the Equivalent Circuits:
Theorem:If the source circuit in a two terminalinterface is linear, then if the source circuit is replacedby the its Thevenin or Norton equivalent the interfacesignals i and v will not changeThevenin and Norton circuits have the same i-vcharacteristics: –The two circuits can be replaced by each other –The equivalency conditions should be derived
Equivalency Conditions
In order to find the equivalency conditions the i-vrelationship of two circuits should be comparedThevenin Circuit:Norton Circuit:
 N  N  N  N  N 
iR Riv  Rvii
Equivalency Conditions
Norton and Thevenin circuits have the same i-vrelationship, therefore:Once one of the circuits is found the other canbe determined by source transformation
 N  N  N 
v Ri R R
Parameters of the Norton and Thevenin circuits can befound by calculating the open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current
iv R Riivv

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