IS 143% (Part
ARGILLACEOUS SWELLING ROCKS -METHODS FOR LABORATORY TESTING
METHOD FOR SAMPLING, STORAGE AND PREPARATIONOF TEST SPECIMENS
1 SCOPE1.1 ‘Ihis
standard covers the techniques for sampling,preparing and storing specimen for laboratory swellingtest for argillaceous rocks.2
SAMPLING2.1 Collection of Samples2.1.1
To obtain meaningful results from swelling tests,the samples should~have, as far as -possible, the samedensity and water content as those
t the timeof sampling. For collection of samples, followingprocedure may be followed:
Rock sample should preferably be collectedfrom core borings. Borings should beperformed with air pressure or, with an anti-swelling admixture (such as Antisol) in thecooling (flushing) water, whichever is bestto keep the sample as close to its natural stateas possible.,For coring, either double or triple tube corebane1 having core dia closer to 100 mm shouldbe used. Care shou-ld be taken to takesufficient sample to prepare at least threeundisturbed specimens and have enoughadditional material for identification tests.Alternatively, block sampling having finedimensions to be sufficient for preparationof at least three undisturbed specimens andleaving additional material for identificationtests, shall be prepared.The core or blocks sampled shall be loggedby a geologist and photographed. Prior tologging, the core or blocks should be cleanedby removing the mud cake. Their conditionsuch as mechanical breakage, presence ofmud cake on the surfaces of core or blockand presence of seems shall be noted. Naturalfissures, if any, should be clearly identified.The sample shall then be wrapped with awaterproof liner such as thin plastic sheetfollowed by aluminium foil and sealed withparaffin wax.The sealed cores or blocks shall be labelledgiving details of the sampling location, depthand elevation.
To reduce breakage of cores or blocks duringtransportation from the field site to the testinglaboratory, the samples shall be placed incontainers and the space between cores orblocks and the container wall shall be filledwith suitable cushioning material such wasstraw shredded foam or paper.Samples shall be protected from frost andextreme heat at all times during samplingand transportation.3
STORAGE -OF SAMPLE
While storing the sample following points shall betaken into account:
Storage time should be minimized.Storage in a constant temperature (27°C) roomshould be preferred.The sample shall not be exposed to desertsunlight.If long-term storage is necessary, humidityin the storage room should be such as tominimize any moisture gain or loss of thesample.4 SPECIMEN PREPARATION
1The sampling logs and photographics shallbe examined to select blocks and core thatwill yield the required sizes, shapes andnumbers of specimens.Multiple specimens shall be prepared fromthe same sample. At least three shall be usedfor testing and one as a reference specimenfor determination of water content, specificgravity and degree of saturation. (Theparticular number of specimens for each ofthe tests depends on the availability ofmaterial and on the testing program).Specimens shall be prepared as rapidly aspossible. If machining (cutting, recoring toa smaller diameter) of the specimen isrequired, this shall be done with air-coolingor with an anti-swelling medium (such asAntisol) in the cooling water, whichever isbest to keep the specimen as close to itsnatural condition as possible. In general,recoring shall be avoided. For argillaceousrocks that break easily, the special proceduredescribed in Annex A is to be used.