) was anAmerican recording artist, entertainer and businessman.The seventh child of theJackson family,he made his début to the professional musicscene at the age of 11 as a member of The Jackson 5in 1969, and began a solo career in1971 while still a member of the group. Referred to as the "King of Pop"
— widelycredited with transforming the music video from a promotional tool into an art form — helped bring the relatively new channel to fame. Videos such as "Black or White" and"Scream" made Jackson an enduring staple on MTV in the 1990s. With stage performances and music videos, Jackson popularized a number of physically complicateddance techniques, such as therobotand themoonwalk . His distinctive musical sound andvocal style influenced manyhip hop, popandcontemporary R&Bartists. While Jacksonwas a member of Generation Jones
, his influence was felt by multiple generations.Jackson donated and raised millions of dollars for beneficial causes through hisfoundation, charitysinglesand support of 39 charities. Other aspects of his personal life,including hischanging appearanceand behavior, generated significant controversy,damaging his public image. Though he was accused of child sexual abuse in 1993,thecriminal investigation was closed due tolack of evidenceand Jackson was not charged.
The singer had experiencedhealth concernssince the early 1990s and conflicting reportsregarding the state of his finances since the late 1990s. Jackson married twice andfathered three children, all of which caused further controversy. In 2005, Jackson wastriedandacquittedof further sexual abuse allegations and several other charges.One of the few artists to have been inducted into theRock and Roll Hall of Fametwice,his other achievements include multiple
— including one for "Most Successful Entertainer of All Time"—13Grammy Awards, 13number one singlesin his solo career — more than any other male artist in theHot 100 eraand the sale of 750 million records worldwide.