DAYLIGHTPROTOTYPES: FROM SIMULATION DATATOFOUR-DIMENSIONALARTEFACT
Physical metrics models in sustainable design education
Max C. DOELLING and Ben JASTRAM
Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germanymax@spacesustainers.org, firstname.lastname@example.org
The increasing use of building performance simulation in architec-tural design enriches digital models and derived prototyping geometries withperformance data that makes them analytically powerful artefacts serving sus-tainable design. In our class “Parametric Design”, students perform concurrentthermal and daylight optimization during the architectural ideation process,employing digital simulation tools, and also utilize rapid prototyping tech-niques to produce process artefacts and whole-building analysis models withclimate-based daylight metrics physically embedded. Simulation metrics aremerged with prototyping geometries to be output on a colour-capable Zprinter;the resultant hybrid artefacts simultaneously allow three-dimensional formal aswell as whole-year daylight performance evaluation, rendering analysis scopefour-dimensional. They embody a specific epistemological type that we com-pare to other model instances and posit to be an example of multivalentrepresentation, a formal class that aids knowledge accretion in performance-based design workflows and allows designers to gain a physically reframedunderstanding of geometry-performance relationships.
Rapid prototyping; building performance modelling; daylightsimulation; physical data models; design representation.
1.Introduction: Rapid Prototyping and Performance Simulation
Digital design media has undergone several decisive paradigm changes throughoutthe last decades. The shift from two-dimensional CAD to parametrically responsive,data-enriched digital models has evolved the perception of architecture-in-progressfrom a play of static representations towards the interaction with dynamic codifica-tions of constraints and form. In parallel, rapid prototyping (RP) techniques haveestablished a direct link with subsets of the material realm. These developments
R. Stouffs, P. Janssen, S. Roudavski, B. Tunçer (eds.),
Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th InternationalConference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA2013)
, 159–168. © 2013,TheAssociation for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Hong Kong, andCenter for Advanced Studies in Architecture (CASA), Department of Architecture-NUS, Singapore.