How many blood types are there, and what are they?
There arefour main blood types: A, B, AB, and O these blood types may be Rhpositive or Rh negative. It is very important to test donor blood with therecipient before any type of transfusion of blood products or serious and/oreven fatal reactions could occur.
What is an Rh factor?
The Rh factor is an antigen also called the D-antigen that is present on 85% of the populations erythrocytes. Thepersons who lack the antigen are considered Rh negative When bloodproducts are being processed for donation the blood must be the same Rhfactor or antibodies could form and destroy the new blood cells that wereintroduced into the recipient, which could prove to be fatal.
What blood type is the universal donor?
Persons who have theblood type of O Rh- are considered to be the universal donors; meaningthat their blood can be given to any of the other blood types. O- blood typedoes not have the A, B or D(Rh) antigen present allowing the blood to beaccepted by all other blood types.
What blood type is the universal recipient?
The blood type of ABRh+ is considered to be the universal recipient; meaning that the peoplewith this blood type can receive blood from any of the other groups sincethis blood type carries both A and B antigens. Transfusions will work if aperson who is going to receive blood has a blood group that doesn't haveany
antibodies against the donor blood's antigens.
But if a person who isgoing to receive blood has antibodies matching the donor blood's antigens,the red blood cells in the
Table:Which blood types can receive blood from what other types??
BloodGroupAntigensAntibodiesCan giveblood toCan receiveblood from
AB A and B None AB AB, A, B, 0A A BA andABA and 0B B AB andABB and 00 None A and BAB, A, B,00
Table from: http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/landsteiner/readmore.html