Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
MDMW-Iron33

MDMW-Iron33

Ratings: (0)|Views: 63|Likes:
Published by miningnova
The iron ore deposits of Sandur Schist belt is characterized as soft ore with higher alumina. The mining in this region has exhausted rich ores; however the deposits not so rich are abundant. JSW Steel being one of the prime consumers of this resource has made a beginning in beneficiation studies. Laboratory and pilot scale beneficiation studies were undertaken. A hydrosizer was devised indigenously. Experimentation on selected iron ore samples were carried out.
The iron ore deposits of Sandur Schist belt is characterized as soft ore with higher alumina. The mining in this region has exhausted rich ores; however the deposits not so rich are abundant. JSW Steel being one of the prime consumers of this resource has made a beginning in beneficiation studies. Laboratory and pilot scale beneficiation studies were undertaken. A hydrosizer was devised indigenously. Experimentation on selected iron ore samples were carried out.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: miningnova on Jun 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/11/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Beneficiation Study on Sandur Schist Belt Iron Ore Using Hyydrosizer 
43
Beneficiation Study on Sandur Schist Belt Iron OreUsing Hydrosizer 
B. Suresh, K.T. Sharana Gouda, M.G. Sampath Kumar, M. Prabhu,U.S. Yadav 
and
D.L. Saralaya
JSW Steel Ltd. Vijaynagar Works, Bellary, KarnatakaABSTRACT: The iron ore deposits of Sandur Schist belt is characterized as soft ore with higher alumina. Themining in this region has exhausted rich ores; however the deposits not so rich are abundant. JSW Steel being one of the prime consumers of this resource has made a beginning in beneficiation studies. Laboratoryand pilot scale beneficiation studies were undertaken. A hydrosizer was devised indigenously.Experimentation on selected iron ore samples were carried out. Studies revealed that teeter-water and feedrate are important parameters in achieving improved product-grade, recovery and cut-point values. In low-grade ore the increase in the iron percentage was about 3-4 percent points whereas in high-grade ores the up-gradation was only 0.5-1 percent points. Study indicated that –1mm feed size is optimum and the separationcut-points can be varied in 20-100 microns range. Present paper records the results of study carried out atJSW Steel on beneficiation of low grade ore from Sandur Schist belt.
1. INTRODUCTION
The hydrosizer is an advanced hydraulicclassification unit. It is a classifier-cum- gravityseparator. It replaces the cluster of spirals andhydrocyclone. The operation and maintenance of hydrosizer is simple. It is quite a promising devicefor beneficiation of iron ore. It is capable of  providing desired cut-point, sharp cut-size andconsistent performance irrespective of slightvariations in process parameters (Austin et al,1992). A laboratory-scale hydrosizer hasindigenously been devised at JSW Steel. A seriesof tests were carried for the beneficiation of low-grade iron ore of Sandur/Hospet area. Present paper summarizes the results obtained on alaboratory hydrosizer.
2. DESCRIPTION
A typical hydrosizer consists of a sorting columnwherein a fluid rises at an uniform rate. Themineral particles are introduced into the sortingcolumn from the top. The particles either sink or float according to their terminal velocities(Wills,1997 ). The sorting column separates thefeed into two products -an over flow consisting of  particles with terminal velocities less than thevelocity of the fluid and an underflow particleswith terminal velocities greater than the risingvelocity.In a system having water as a medium theclassification is achieved by either free settling or hindered settling conditions. Free settlingcondition refers to the sinking of particles in avolume of fluid, quite large with respect to thetotal volume of the particles. Here particlecrowding is negligible and the free settling predominates with the solids less than 15 percent by weight. In hindered settling the proportion of solids in the pulp is higher, particle crowding becomes more predominant and the settling rateof the particles decreases due to inter-particlehindrance. The system begins to behave as aheavy liquid whose density is that of the pulprather than that of the carrier liquid hence thehindered-settling conditions prevail.The hindered-bed separators utilize a downcomer to introduce feed material to the system.This material enters the feed zone and encounterseither free or hindered settling conditions (Choand Klima, 1994). Slower settling material reportsto the top of the teeter-bed and low-density faster settling particles descend to the bottom. The finematerial reports to the overflow and the highdensity coarse materials report to the underflow.
 
44 
 
Mineral Processing Technology (MPT 2007)
Particles that settle through the teeter bed enter adewatering cone and are discharged through anunderflow control valve.
3. EXPERIMENTAL
Following samples were selected foexperimentation.(i) SMIORE (feed size: –1mm)(ii) SMIORE (feedsize: 0.15mm)(iii)HRG (feed size: –1mm)(iv) NMDC (feed size: –1mm)Samples were ground to above-mentionedspecifications in laboratory-ball mill. It wasfollowed by particle size and size-wise chemicalanalysis by RODOS Laser particle size analyzer and bench top XRF respectively. Total 27experiments were conducted by considering threevariable parameters. The Teeter water, slurrywater and feed rate at three levels
were
investigated.Products collected from each experiment weredewatered, dried, weighed and subjected to particle size and chemical analysis.
57.658.965.164.452.754.963.660.963.864.757.856.50102030405060708090100Smiore ®, -1mmSmiore ®, -100#HRG, -1mmNMDC Rake, -1mm
    %     F   e    (   a   v   e   r   a   g   e   o    f    2    7   e   x   p    t   s    )
Fe u/fFe o/fFe feed
Fig. 1:
Distribution of Fe in products
7.56.42.13.110.89.13.25.68.37.22.43.5024681012Smiore ®, -1mmSmiore ®, -100#HRG, -1mmNMDC Rake, -1mm
   %    S   i   O   2   (   a   v   e   r   a   g   e   o   f   2   7   e   x   p   t   s   )
SiO2 u/fSiO2 o/fSiO2 feed
Fig. 3:
Distribution of SiO
2
in products
4.84.11.92.07.76.22.43.45.54.72.02.20123456789Smiore ®, -1mmSmiore ®, -100#HRG, -1mmNMDC Rake, -1mm
   %    A   l   2   O   3   (   a   v   e   r   a   g   e   o   f   2   7   e   x   p   t   s   )
Al2O3 u/fAl2O3 o/fAl2O3 feed
 
Fig. 2:
Distribution of Al
2
O
3
, in products
4.84.92.51.95.75.83.02.92.02.75.15.001234567Smiore ®, -1mmSmiore ®, -100#HRG, -1mmNMDC Rake, -1mm
   %    L   O   I   (   a   v   e   r   a   g   e   o   f   2   7   e   x   p   t   s   )
LOI u/fLOI o/fLOI feed
Fig. 4:
Distribution of LOI in products
 
Beneficiation Study on Sandur Schist Belt Iron Ore Using Hyydrosizer 
45 
Fig. 5:
The average cut-points of 27 experiments on each sample.
4. RESULTS
The average chemistry (Fe, SiO
2
, Al
2
O
3
and LOI)of total 27 experiments from four samples arerepresented in Figs. 1 to Fig.4. It may be notedthat apart from the high-grade ores (HRG and NMDC) the iron content up-gradation is quitedistinct, i.e. Fe up-gradation @ SMIORE ®(-1mm and -100#) is 1.14 and 1.07 unitsrespectively. Similarly, the gangue content (SiO
2
,Al
2
O
3
& LOI) is better washed to tailing/overflow. The Fe recovery is comparativelyappreciable with low-grade ores.The partition curves for 
 
different ore samplesare presented in Fig. 5. The results show a verygood similarity. The curves define the sharpnessof the separation; decreased range between d
25
and d
75
. The cut-points (d
50
) of iron ore samples of SMIORE-red (-1mm), SMIORE-red (-100#), NMDC and HRG are 41, 38, 38 and 47 micronsrespectively suggesting that hydrosizer is quitecapable of sharp cutting at very finer size ranges.Feed rate is one of the critical parameter of theequipment performance/separation efficiency. Theinfluence of the feed rate (kg/hr) against theunderflow yield and the ratio of the Feconcentration is shown in Fig.6. Therepresentations of SMIORE ®, NMDC and HRGreveal that the ratio of Fe concentration andunderflow yields are consistent irrespective of theconsistency of the feed rate. It indicates that theequipment is quite flexible to obtain better separation with varied feed rates. It is observedthat similar to other classification techniques herealso the initial Fe concentration and the Ferecovery varies inversely.
01020304050607080901000 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200Nominal size
   W   t   %  o   f   f  e  e   d  u   /   f
01020304050607080901000 20 40 60 80 100120140160180200Nominal size, micron
   %  o   f   f  e  e   d   t  o  u   /   f
01020304050607080901000 20 40 60 80 100120140160180200Nominal size, micron
   %  o   f   f  e  e   d   t  o  u   /   f
0153045607590105020406080100120140160180200Nominal size, micron
   %   o   f   f  e  e   d   t  o  u   /   f

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->