Mineral Processing Technology (MPT 2007)
Constituents Weight %I/O R/F L/S DoloCoke LimeM/WSlag
T Fe65.3255.053.47Ash 17%53.6SiO
Sintering tests were carried out in a batch squareshaped sintering unit of 30*30 sq. cm crosssectional area with 400/550 mm high sinter boxhaving removable grate bar at the bottom. Thesinter mix prepared in a disc pelletiser was putinto the pot and ignited for 2 minutes. Vacuumwas maintained by operating the exhaust fan tillthe completion of sintering. The sinter wasallowed to cool under suction till the temperatureof exhaust gas reaches 100
C. The sinter cake wasthen dislodged and subjected to stabilisation/shatter test.
2.3 Physico-chemical Tests of Sinter
IS 9963:1981 was followed for the Shatter testand IS 6495:1984 was followed for the tumbler test. Representative sinter sample after thestabilisation was ground to –200 mesh size for thechemical and X-ray diffraction analyses, while – 15+10 mm sized sinter was withdrawn from therepresentative one for RDI investigation..
2.4 Response Variables
The response variables are Vertical Speed of Sintering (VSS
Yield of Sinter (Y
), TumblingIndex (TI), RDI and Productivity. These aredefined elsewhere (Bhagat et al., 2006). The + 10mm size fraction of sinter after the shatter test has been considered for productivity calculation. TheRatio of return fines generated to the return finesinput (RO/RI) has been taken as an index toreflect the shatter strength of sinter. The rationalefor considering the index has been outlined in our previous paper (Bhagat et al., 1992).
2.5 Mineralogical Compositions
X- ray diffraction analysis of the sinter samplesshows the presence of hematite, magnetite,calcium di-ferrite, calcium ferrite, di -calciumferrite and silicates of Ca and Fe (Table 3).
XRD of the sinter samples
Identified mineral phased- value with % of highest peak in bracket ( )BH 400 mmBH 550 mm
Hematite 2.703 (100), 2.526 (91),1.694 (54),1.842 (51)2.696 (60), 1.841 (24)Silica 3.69 (56), 3.69 (29),Magnetite2.526 (91), 2.98 (49),1.485 (50)2.976 (55), 1.484(54))CaO.Fe
Interestingly, highest (100%) peak wasobserved at d-space 2.53 which is characteristicsof magnetite and calcium ferrite for the sinter samples from the experiments carried out at 550mm bed height; whereas highest (100%) peak was observed at d-space 2.70 which ischaracteristics of hematite for the sinter samplesfrom the experiments carried out at 400 mm bedheight (Table 3).
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION3.1 Granulometric Index
Table 2 shows that the granulometric compositionof dry sinter mix is the weighted sum of those of raw materials. That is weight fraction of the sinter mix of the size fraction X
* x j
; where wj is the weightfraction of raw material component , j in the sinter mix and xj is mass fraction of size X
in the jthcomponent.It is apparent from Table 2 that significantimprovement in the granulometric composition