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HERBS Reference Guide

HERBS Reference Guide

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Published by Alesha Rose

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Published by: Alesha Rose on Jun 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Reference Guide
We specialize in herbs and related products. Here you will find Bulk Herbs, mortar &pestles, bottle, jars & plastic bags, along with herbal teas
Medicinal plants and their properties
The vegetable world comprises three main groups of plants: Superior,Intermediary and Inferior. These encompass bacteria, microscopic algae,mushrooms, ferns, brushes and trees, among others. Their identification is atask of specialists and the limit between the vegetal and animal world is notclear. To simplify matters, we consider plants those recognized as such byordinary people. Books about medicinal properties of vegetables normallyseem to treat differently herbs and medicinal plants. However, herbs are seedproducing annual, biennial or perennial plants that do not develop apersistent woody tissue. Perhaps because herbs have such an importanthistorical and tradition in healing, sometimes they are treated as a specialcategory of plants i.e., those particularly valued for their medicinal, savory oraromatic qualities. In the following list, herbs are considered as medicinalplants and taken only for their medicinal or aromatic properties.Since the traditional or popular name of medicinal plants varies so muchaccording to regional and cultural aspects, the have been groupedalphabetically according to their most common English name. The scientificdesignation follows in each case.
Properties and uses
 Aloe vera syn. A. barbadensis
(Liliaceae)HISTORY and USESNative to Africa,
aloe vera
is commonly cultivated elsewhere. Theclear gel found inside the plant's leaf and the crystalline partfound alongside the leaf blade, which contains
, are both usedfor medicinal and cosmetic purposes. The clear gel is a
remarkably effective healer of wounds and burns, speeding up therate of healing and reducing the risk of infection. The brownishpart containing
is a strong laxative, useful for short-termconstipation. Aloe is present in many cosmetic's formulae becauseits emollient and scar preventing properties.
Heals wounds, emollient, laxative.2) ANGELICA
 Angelica arcangelica
(Umbelliferae)HISTORY and USESAngelica has a long-standing record as a prized medicinal herband has been mentioned by European herbalist since the 15thCentury. Angelica has been used to reduce muscular spasms inasthma and bronchitis. It has also been shown to ease rheumaticinflammation, to regulate menstrual flow and as an appetitestimulant. The stems are candied for culinary use.
Antispasmodic, promotes menstrual flow.
 Pimpinella anisum
(Umbelliferae)HISTORY and USESAnise has been cultivated in Egypt and known to the Greeks,Romans and Arabs, who named the plant
. Since Antiquityit has been used as a flavoring spice in recipes and as a diuretic, totreat digestive problems and to relieve toothache. Anise seeds areknown for their ability to reduce flatulence and colic, and to settlethe digestion. They are commonly given to infants and children torelieve colic, and to people of all ages to ease nausea andindigestion. It also has an expectorant and antispasmodics actionthat is helpful in countering period pain, asthma, whooping coughand bronchitis. The mild hormonal action of anise seeds mayexplain its ability to increase breast-milk production and itsreputation for easing childbirth and treating impotence andfrigidity. Anise essential oil is used externally to treat lice andscabies.
Reduces colic and flatulence, promotesdigestion, antispasmodic
 Arnica montana
(Compositae)HISTORY and USESArnica has been used extensively in European folk medicine. TheGerman philosopher and poet Goethe (1749-1832), claimed arnicafor ease his angina in old age. Herbalism and homeopathy usearnica extracts, ointments and compresses to reduce inflammationand pain from bruises, sprains, tendons, dislocations and swollenareas. Arnica improves the local blood supply and accelerateshealing. It is anti-inflammatory and increases the rate of re-absorption of internal bleeding. The internal use of arnica isrestricted to homeopathic dosages as it is potentially toxic.
Anti-inflammatory, germicide, muscularsoreness, pain re leaving.
 Maranta arundinacea
(Marantaceae)HISTORY and USESArrowroot is native to South America and the Caribbean. Thelocal indigenous people use its root as a poultice for smallpoxsores, and as an infusion for urinary infections. Arrowroot is usedin herbal medicine in much the same manner as slippery elm(
Ulmus Rubra
), as a soothing demulcent and a nutrient of benefitin convalescence and for easing digestion. It helps to relieveacidity, indigestion and colic, and is mildly laxative. It may beapplied as an ointment or poultice mixed with some otherantiseptic herbs such as comfrey.
Anti-inflammatory, digestive, antiseptic.
 Artemisia absinthium
(Compositae)HISTORY and USESThe name of this plant derives from its bitterness, from
,the Roman word for "bitter". This property is used for providingbitter taste to some well known beverages and liquors.Wormwood has a marked tonic effect on the stomach, thegallbladder and in adjusting weak digestive problems. It is used toexpel roundworms and threadworms. By improving the functionsof the digestive system it helps in many conditions, including

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