are designed to promote self-governance throughstatutory recognition of local bodies. The latter areexpected to move away from their traditional role of simply executing the programs handed down to themby the higher levels of government” (Decentralizationand Local Politics_ Pg-103).
It would be proper to assess the significance of Democratic Decentralization in India by analyzing thelevel of progress made by the initiative. Using theconventional classification of political, administrativeand fiscal decentralization, the World Bank’s threeVolume study of Indian Decentralization (World Bank;2000A, 2000B, 2000C)
ranks India among the bestPerformers internationally in terms of Politicaldecentralization but close to the last in terms in termsof administrative decentralization. Most of the stateshave held at least one round of elections since 1993. Inits study of 53 villages in Rajasthan and MadhyaPradesh for instance, the World Bank () found out thatvoter turnout for Panchayat elections was well over90% for all categories in term of Gender, caste andclass. This was significantly higher than the turn out forthe 1998 Lokh Sabha elections which was 61% forwomen and 65.9% for men. (Y Yadhav_ India’s ThirdElectoral System/Weekly). In its assessment of theIndian Decentralization the task force on the devolutionof powers and functions upon Panchayati Rajinstitutions (Ministry of Rural Development_ 2001-Source Wiekimedia) found that most of the states hadsatisfied only the basic requirements relating to thetransfer of function, functionaries, funds and financial