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Who Discovered America? by Gavin Menzies and Ian Hudson

Who Discovered America? by Gavin Menzies and Ian Hudson

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Published by WilliamMorrowBooks
A groundbreaking new book that upends our understanding of ancient America.
Conventional history tells us humans migrated on foot across present-day Alaska, populating the Americas far later than other continents. However, emerging new evidence suggests seafarers reached the continents thousands of years earlier and developed far more sophisticated civilizations than previously imagined. . . .
From "distinguished historian" (BBC World Service) Gavin Menzies, the author of the blockbuster New York Times bestseller 1421, comes a revolutionary new account of how the first humans came to North and South America.
A maverick scholar, Menzies has made a riveting new contribution to the story of humanity's earliest explorers, revealing the truth behind one of history's most fascinating questions: Who discovered America?
A groundbreaking new book that upends our understanding of ancient America.
Conventional history tells us humans migrated on foot across present-day Alaska, populating the Americas far later than other continents. However, emerging new evidence suggests seafarers reached the continents thousands of years earlier and developed far more sophisticated civilizations than previously imagined. . . .
From "distinguished historian" (BBC World Service) Gavin Menzies, the author of the blockbuster New York Times bestseller 1421, comes a revolutionary new account of how the first humans came to North and South America.
A maverick scholar, Menzies has made a riveting new contribution to the story of humanity's earliest explorers, revealing the truth behind one of history's most fascinating questions: Who discovered America?

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Published by: WilliamMorrowBooks on Sep 16, 2013
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10/12/2013

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introDuCtion
i
hae been on the road or more than orty years now in searcho a new understanding o early human exploration o this planet.My rst book,
1421: The Year China Discovered America,
pub‑lished in 2002, was the product o my initial work in chroni‑cling China’s circumnaigation and systematic mapping o theglobe early in the teenth century. On March 8, 1421, the larg‑est feet the world had eer seen set sail rom China, led by thegreat Admiral zheng He. He traeled with a highly detailed map,dated to 1418, that showed easily the extent o his traels as aras the North and South American coasts. But the annals o thefeet’s triumph were destroyed. Not long ater the Chinese feetreturned, the empire descended into political isolation, obscuringthe written eidence that zheng He and his feet had reached theAmericas on that oyage. But the Chinese explorers who came toNorth and South America had let behind unmistakable mark‑ers o their presence, seen decades beore Columbus reached theCaribbean Sea.My second book,
1434: The Year a Magnifcent Chinese FleetSailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance,
tracked the act thatChina had isited Europe as well. Long underrecognied ortheir early mastery o technology, including their prowess in sea‑aring and naigation, the Chinese coneyed a unique culturalspark that ed the Renaissance and ultimately changed the deel‑
 
Who DiscovereD AmericA?
opment o modern ciiliation. Europeans embraced the Chineseideas, discoeries, and inentions that proided the oundationso Western progress.My goal in these olumes was to expose readers to the system‑atic nature o my research, but as an unintended consequence, thebooks also exposed the act that proessional historians are notwilling to adapt to new inormation. Here was data—gatheredrom studies o maps, historical records, ethnological compari‑sons o olklore and traditions, botany, and human DNA—thatmade such a case or Chinese exploration o the Americas no laterthan 1421, seenty‑one years beore Columbus isited the islandso the Caribbean in 1492.Yet, the well‑reported data was taken as raud and nonsense bysome proessional historians, in part because I am not a membero their club. I am a naigator and hae traeled the world withriends and amily, gathering inormation on the Internet and athome. My network is wide, but nothing has satised the critics.Their challenges are oten ridiculous and illogical, and when theyail to conince people to go against me, they mount campaignsto ban my writings and public speaking engagements. What arethe critics araid o?These rst two books proided detailed and conincing e‑idence about Chinese explorations beore Columbus. But I amnow in the position to proide een more inormation and a newlook at those explorations, taking adantage o an additional de‑cade o research and inestigation. More than eer, the recordproides broad proo about China in the New World. That is therationale behind this book
Who Discovered America?
Admiral zheng He was arguably the greatest mariner o thepreious millennium, and the proo grows that his feet o regalessels isited both South and North America. My conclusiondoes not stand alone, nor do I claim primacy in my research. Ibring along ellow traelers on my journeys in search o new e‑idence about the exploration o the Americas, and some o the

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