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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 General introduction
1.2 What creates a desert?
1.4 How old are deserts?
1.6 Aridity indices
1.7 What denies rainfall to deserts?
2 Abiotic factors
2.1 Precipitation
2.2 Temperature
2.3 Geology
2.4 Fire
3.1 Classifications of desert plants
3.2 Types of photosynthesis
3.3 Biological soil crusts
3.4 Annual plants
3.5 Grasses, forbs, and shrubs/perennials
3.6 Geophytes
3.7 Stem and leaf succulents
3.8 Halophytes
3.9 Phreatophytes
4.1 Evaders and evaporators
4.2 Adaptations to handle unique situations
4.3 Endurers
4.4 Removing the effects of phylogeny
5.1 Plant communities
5.2 Competition between animals
6.1 Direct mortality
6.2 Predation risk
6.3 Isodars
6.4 Spiders
6.5 Scorpions
6.6 Visually hunting predators
6.7 Snakes, scent-hunting predators
6.8 Keystone predation
6.9 Animal parasites and parasitoids
7.1 Herbivory
7.2 Pollination
7.3 Seed dispersal and seed predation
7.4 Are these coevolved systems?
9.1 Are deserts species-poor? ␣, ␤, and ␥ diversity patterns
9.2 Productivity–diversity relationships in deserts
9.3 Convergence and divergence of desert communities
9.4 Large-scale patterns in desert biogeography
10 Human impacts and desertification
10.1 The sensitive desert ecosystem: myth or reality?
10.2 Pastoralism is the most important use of desert lands
10.4 Pumping aquifers: a problem of less water and more salinity
10.6 When is it desertification? The importance of reversibility
11 Conservation of deserts
11.1 Are deserts worth conserving?
11.2 Conservation of desert species or habitats
11.3 The 3 Rs: reintroduction, recolonization, and revegetation
11.6 Conclusions
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The Biology of Deserts

The Biology of Deserts

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Published by Guada Vilchez

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Published by: Guada Vilchez on Sep 16, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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