StethographyAim: To record the respiratory movements using a stethograph.Apparatus required: Stethograph,Kymograph,Marey’s tambour,Bottle of water.Principle:The Stethograph is tied around the chest of the subject .the movements of the chestcauses a change in the air pressure in the stethograph which is recorded on a moving drum .Procedure:1.The subject was asked to sit comfortably on a stool with his/her back towards therecording apparatus.2.The stethograph was tied around the chest of the subject at the level of the fourthintercostals space and the tambour was connected to it.3.The writing lever/pen was brought in contact with the paper of the kymograph and thedrum was set to move at slow speed (2.5mm/sec)4.Normal respiration was recorded for about 5cm5.The subject was asked to drink water and the effect of deglutition on the respiratorymovement was recorded .Then a normal tracing was taken.6.After a normal tracing , the subject was asked to hold his breath as long as possibleafter quiet inspiration & expiration and following deep inspiration and deep expiration and theeffects was recorded.7.Normal respiration was recorded and the drum was stopped. The subject was asked totake deep breaths as rapidly as possible for one and a half minutes. Immediately after hyperventilation, the drum was started and the effect on respiratory movements was recorded .8.Normal respiration was recorded. The stethograph was disconnected from Marey’stambour and the subject was asked to exercise (spot jogging )for one minute. Immediately after exercise, the stethograph was connected to the kymograph and the effect of exercise onrespiratory movements was recorded.Precautions:1.The subject should be seated comfortably and in an erect posture.2.The stethograph should be tied at the level of 4
intercostal space as the expansion of the chest is maximum at this level.3.Before & after the recordings for each maneuver ,normal tracings should be taken.4.The recording should not be made during the act of hyperventilation but immediatelyafter.