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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin

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Published by: sonu on Jun 28, 2009
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Joseph Stalin
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(March 2009)
Joseph Stalin
იოსებ
 
სრ
 
ძე
 
სტალინი
Iosef Besarionis dze StalinИосиф Виссарионович СталинIosif Vissarionovich Stalin
In office
3 April 1922 – 5 March 1953
Preceded by
 Post Instated 
Succeeded by
In office
6 May 1941 – 19 March 1946
Preceded by
 
Succeeded by
 Post abolished 
In office
19 March 1946 – 5 March 1953
Preceded by
 Post instated 
Succeeded by
Born
 
)
Died
5 March 1953 (aged 74)Moscow, Russian SFSR ,Soviet Union
Nationality
Political party
Religion
Unknown
Signature
Joseph Stalin
(born
 Iosef Besarionis dze Jughashvili
იოსებ
 
ბესრიონის
 
ძეჯუღაშვილი
– 18 December 1878
– 5 March 1953) was theGeneral Secretary of theCommunist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committeefrom 1922 until his death in 1953. In the years followingLenin'sdeath in 1924, he rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union. Stalin launched acommand economy, replacing the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with Five-Year Plansand launching a period of rapidindustrializationandeconomic collectivization. The upheaval in the agricultural sector disrupted food production, resulting inwidespreadfamine,such as theSoviet famine of 1932-1933, known inUkraineas theHolodomor .
During the late 1930s, Stalin launched the Great Purge(also known as the "Great Terror"), a campaign to purgethe Communist Partyof people accused of corruption or treachery; heextended it tothe militaryand other sectors of Soviet society. Targets were often executed,imprisoned in Gulag labor campsor exiled. In the years following, millions of ethnic minorities were alsodeported.
 
In 1939, the Soviet Union under Stalin signed anon-aggression pact with Nazi Germany,  followed by aSoviet invasion of Poland,Finland,theBaltics, Bessarabia and northernBukovina. After Germanyviolated the pact in 1941, the Soviet Union joined the Allies to play a large role in the Axis defeat,at the cost of the largest death tollfor any country in the war. Thereafter, contradicting statements at allied conferences, Stalin installed communist governments in most of Eastern Europe, forming theEastern bloc, behind what was referred to as an "Iron Curtain" of  Soviet rule. This launched the long period of antagonism known as theCold War .

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