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Monitoring of Cultured Mud Crab Stocks is the Key to Success

Monitoring of Cultured Mud Crab Stocks is the Key to Success

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Published by edenderez094606

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Published by: edenderez094606 on Jun 29, 2009
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Monitoring of the Mud crab stocks is the Key to Successful Production(Prepared by Edmundo Enderez)Mud crab (Scylla serrata) culture in pond, pen, and cages require close monitoring of the stocksin order to know what appropriate measure will be adopted to enhance technical feasibility andfinancial viability of the project. This paper is written based on several experiences of theauthor in providing assistance to different mud crab culture projects in Surigao, Samar, Bohol,and Cabusao.In monitoring, the data periodically gathered are: carapace width and corresponding weight on aweekly basis of each mud crab caught using crab lift net or “bintol”, actual feed consumed(based on what remains in the feeding tray or specific feeding spot of the pond) against requiredamount on a daily basis. The data can be used in determining the following: 1) condition of stock (thin/empty or full/good/robust), 2) growth rate (average, slow, fast), 3) nutrition fromfeeds (adequate or not) given, and 4) estimated number of stocks.1.Condition of the stocksa.The Graph below shows the plotted data on carapace width and weight of mud crab beingcultured for fattening. Plots above the yellow/red line indicate that the male/female mud crab isin good condition while those below the yellow/red line indicate that the male/female mud crabis in thin condition. This is the so-called graphical approach in determining mud crab condition.
Condition of Stocks (thin or meaty or robust)
 b.There is practical approach in determining the condition of the stocks: whethethin/empty and good/full. The pictures below show mud crab that are empty and full based monthe appearance of claws and then what to do to with the mud crab to confirm such conditionc.In marketing the harvested mud crab, the buyers would classify the produce as either thin(empty) or good (full) through the practical approach. The practical approach in theclassification of mud crab condition can be checked through the graphical approach. It must benoted that some buyers who would like to earn more may classify mud crab as empty/thin or near good/full when in fact based on the graphical approach it is already good/full, thus theywould bargain for lower price of the produce.2.Growth by Change in Carapace Width and Frequency of Moltinga.The Graphs below show the change in average carapace width of mud crab cultured in pond. After 1 month of culture, the average carapace width or its weight increased from 77.5grams to 150 grams. About 1 to 2 moltings had occurred during the 1 month culture period.
 b.The above Graphs indicate that the change in actual average carapace width follows the projected growth with corresponding frequency of molting.3.Growth by Weight and Feeding Ratea.The Graph below shows that growth during 1 month culture period follows the standard

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