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LinkedIn's appeal to the FISA Court

LinkedIn's appeal to the FISA Court

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Published by Philip Bump
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Published by: Philip Bump on Sep 18, 2013
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11/02/2013

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UNITED STATES
FOREIGNINTELLIGENCE
SURVEILLANCE
COURT
WASHINGTON, D.C.
2013SEP
17
PH
4=
44
LEEANN
FLYNN
HALL
CLERK
OF
COURT
IN
RE MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENTTHA T LINKEDIN CORPORA
nON
MAY REPORTAGGREGA TE DATA REGARDING FISA ORDERS Docket No.
MOTION FOR
DECLARATORY JUDGMENT
THAT
LINKEDIN
CORPORATION
MAY
REPORTAGGREGATE
DATA REGARDING FISA ORDERS
13
-0
7
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2201 and Rule 6(d)
of
the Rules
of
Procedure
of
the ForeignIntelligence Surveillance Court, LinkedIn Corporation ("LinkedIn") hereby respectfully movesthis Court for an order, judgment, or such other relief as this Court may deem appropriate,declaring that, for each provision
of
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA"), 50U.S.C.§
1801
et seq.
and the FISA Amendments Act (the "FAA") pursuant to which LinkedInmay receive process, LinkedIn may, without violating any provision
oflaw,
publicly report thetotal number
of
compulsory requests
it
receives from the United States government and the totalnumber
of
users or accounts encompassed within such requests.] Further, pursuant to Rule 17
of
the Rules
of
Procedure, LinkedIn respectfully requests a public oral argument on this Motion.
BACKGROUND
LinkedIn
is
the world's largest professional network, with over 238 million members.Among other things, through its website and mobile applications, LinkedIn provides its memberswith electronic communications services. Thus, Linkedln's business involves providing] Nothing
in
this Motion is intended to,
or
does, confirm or deny that LinkedIn has received anyrequests under FISA or the FAA.
 
electronic communications services that, for certain purposes, are subject to FISA and the FAA.
See
50 U.S.c. § ]805(c)(2)(B); 50 U.S.c. § ]88Ia(h).2Linkedln's mission
is
to connect the world's professionals to make them more productiveand successful. As it represents to its members, one
of
Linked
In's
core values
is
"MembersFirst." Critical to this mission and core value
is
Linkedln's commitment to earning and retainingits members' trust.
It
earns this trust by being open and transparent with its members, and byproviding members with the Three
C's,
as
it
relates to members' data: Clarity, Consistency andControl. LinkedIn
is
clear about what
it
will and will not do with member data.
It
is
consistentwith how
it
treats member data
(e.g.,
no retroactive default settings). And, finally, LinkedInprovides members control over their data. This applies to all data on Linkedln, includingcommunications. Linkedln's members entrust Linkedln with their data, upon which they havebuilt their professional reputation. Linkedln's success
is
based upon the trust its members haveplaced
in
the company; although that trust takes a long time to build,
it
can be broken with a snap
ofthe
fingers.2 Under the FAA, for example, the term "electronic communications service provider"
is
definedby reference
to
how that term
is
defined by the Stored Communications Act ("SCA"),
18
U.S.C.
§§
270]
et seq. See
50 U.S.C. 1881(b)(4)(C). However, the SCA regulates
only
the disclosure
of
stored electronic communications held by providers
of
electronic communication service("ECS") and providers
of
remote computing service ("RCS"). Whether
an
entity acts as
an
ECSor
an
RCS
is
entirely context dependent; a determination
of
whether the SCA's ECS rules orRCS rules apply must occur based on the particular service or particular piece
of
an electroniccommunication at issue at a specific time.
See In re United States,
665
F.
Supp. 2d ]
21
0,
] 2] 4(D. Or. 2009); Orin S. Kerr,
A User's Guide
to
the Stored Communications Act,
and
aLegislator's Guide to Amending It,
72
GEO.WASH.
L.
REV. ]208, 1215-16
&
n.48 (2004)("Kerr"). In other words, a provider such as LinkedIn can act as an ECS with respect to somecommunications, an RCS with respect to other communications, and neither an ECS nor an RCSwith respect to other communications. Kerr at ] 2] 5-] 6
&
n.48. Thus, nothing
in
this Motion
is
intended as
an
acknowledgement that LinkedIn
is
subject to the SCA for any and all purposes.
2
 
LinkedIn understands, supports and has the greatest respect for the critical workperformed by the government to protect our national security.
At
the same time, recent newsreports about government surveillance have given rise to significant concerns among both theAmerican people and the global community about the privacy
of
individuals' communications,activities, and personal data on the Internet. For example, both
The Guardian
and
TheWashington Post
newspapers have published extensive reports alleging that the government hasfar-reaching access to electronic communications
of
American citizens, particularly via providers
oflnternet
communications services similar to those provided by LinkedIn.3 As PresidentObama has noted, these are "revelations that have depleted public trust"
in
the privacy
of
electronic communications.
4
Indeed, the President has acknowledged that when those "outside
ofthe
intelligence community" read these news stories, "understandably, people would beconcerned" and that he,
"too,"
would be concerned
ifhe
"wasn't
inside the government.,,5 Otherarticles have falsely suggested that LinkedIn
itselfis
the subject
of
extensive governmentsurveillance and information gathering.
6
All
of
these reports clearly have the potential to causesignificant harm to
LinkedIn's
reputation and to its business.Under these circumstances, and
in
light
of
Linked
In's
mission and core value, LinkedInis committed to disclosing to its members clear and accurate information about government3
See, e.g.,
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun06/us-tech-giants-n
sa-data;http://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/us-intelligence-mining-data-from-nine-usinternet-companies-in-broad-secret -program/20
13/06/06/3aOcOda8-cebf-ll
e2-8845-d970ccb04497_story.html.
4
Remarks by the President in a Press Conference, Aug.
9,2013,
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the
press-o ffice120
13/08/09 remarks-
pres i dent-press-conferen ce.
5
Id
6
See, e.g.,
http://www.wnd.comI2013/06/prism-targets-worldwide-communic
ationsl
(stating that"LinkedIn and Twitter also are included
in
this information gathering" under government"PRISM" program).3

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