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Table Of Contents

I. INTRODUCTION
II. COURSE ORGANIZATION
II.A. OBJECTIVES
II.B. STRUCTURE AND DURATION OF THE COURSE
II.C. WHO IS WHO?
II.D. EVALUATION AND CERTIFICATE
III. E-LEARNING WEBSITE
III.A. TRAINING MATERIALS
III.B. INTERACTIVE TOOLS
IV. USER AGREEMENT
I. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE WTO
II. OBJECTIVES OF THE WTO
III. FUNCTIONS OF THE WTO
IV. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE WTO
IV.A. THE MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE
IV.B. THE GENERAL COUNCIL
IV.C. THE COUNCILS
IV.D. THE SUBSIDIARY BODIES
IV.E. DECISION-MAKING AT THE WTO
IV.F. ON-GOING NEGOTIATIONS: THE DOHA DEVELOPMENT AGENDA
V. SUMMARY
Introduction to WTO basic principles and rules
PART I: BASIC PRINCIPLES IN THE WTO
II. RULES ON TRADE IN GOODS
II.A. NON-DISCRIMINATION PRINCIPLE
II.B. THE MFN PRINCIPLE UNDER GATS
II.C. THE MFN PRINCIPLE UNDER TRIPS
III. NATIONAL TREATMENT (ARTICLE III)
III.A. THE NATIONAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLE IN RULES ON TRADE IN GOODS
III.B. EXCEPTIONS
III.C. NATIONAL TREATMENT IN GATS
III.D. NATIONAL TREATMENT IN TRIPS
IV. SUMMARY PART I
PART II: BASIC PRINCIPLES RELATED TO MARKET ACCESS
II. WHAT IS A TARIFF?
II.A. NEGOTIATIONS ON TARIFF REDUCTIONS
II.B. PRINCIPLES ON TARIFF NEGOTIATIONS
II.C. NATIONAL TARIFFS
II.D. SCHEDULE OF CONCESSION (ARTICLE II)
II.E. RENEGOTIATION OF CONCESSIONS/MODIFICATION OF SCHEDULES
II.F. OTHER DUTIES & CHARGES
III. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
III.A. INTRODUCTION
III.B. QUANTITATIVE RESTRICTIONS
III.C. GENERAL ELIMINATION OF QUANTITATIVE RESTRICTIONS (ARTICLE XI)
III.D. TARIFF-QUOTA
Figure 1: Tariff-Quota
IV. OTHER NON–TARIFF BARRIERS
V. MARKET ACCESS FOR SERVICES
VI. BARRIERS TO TRADE IN SERVICES
VII. SUMMARY PART II
PART III: TRADE REMEDIES
PART IV: EXCEPTIONS TO THE BASIC PRINCIPLES
II. GENERAL EXCEPTIONS
II.A. IN THE GATT
II.B. IN GATS
II.C. IN TRIPS
III. SECURITY EXCEPTIONS
III.A. IN THE GATT
III.B. IN GATS
III.C. IN TRIPS
IV. SAFEGUARD MEASURES
V. WAIVERS
VI. REGIONAL INTEGRATION
VII. S&D FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
II. WHAT IS THE CONTRIBUTION OF SERVICES TO THE OVERALL ECONOMY?
III. WHAT ARE THE POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF SERVICES LIBERALIZATION?
IV. CAN THE LIBERALIZATION OF TRADE IN SERVICES HELP DEVELOPMENT?
V. WHY AN AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES?
VI. WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES POSED BY MORE OPEN SERVICES MARKETS?
VII. SUMMARY
II. BUILDING BLOCKS OF THE AGREEMENT
Figure 1: Two main parts of the GATS
III. SCOPE AND COVERAGE
III.A. MODES OF SUPPLY
V.A. UNCONDITIONAL OBLIGATIONS
V.B. CONDITIONAL OBLIGATIONS
VI. EXCEPTIONS AND DEPARTURES
VI.A. GENERAL AND SECURITY EXCEPTIONS
VI.B. ECONOMIC INTEGRATION AND LABOUR MARKET AGREEMENTS
VI.C. RECOGNITION
VII. ANNEXES
VII.A. ANNEX ON ARTICLE II (MFN) EXEMPTIONS
VII.B. ANNEX ON MOVEMENT OF NATURAL PERSONS
VII.C. ANNEX ON AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES
VII.D. ANNEX ON FINANCIAL SERVICES
VII.E. ANNEX ON TELECOMMUNICATIONS
VII.F. ANNEX ON NEGOTIATIONS ON MARITIME TRANSPORT SERVICES
VIII. SUMMARY
Scheduling Specific Commitments
II. WHAT IS A SCHEDULE OF SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS?
III. WHAT SHOULD BE SCHEDULED?
III.A. SECTOR COVERAGE
III.B. MODES OF SUPPLY
III.C. LIMITATIONS ON MARKET ACCESS
III.D. LIMITATIONS ON NATIONAL TREATMENT
IV. HOW ARE SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS RECORDED?
IV.A. COMMITMENTS IN THE HORIZONTAL SECTION
IV.B. SECTOR-SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS
IV.C. TYPES OF COMMITMENTS
V. MODIFICATION OR WITHDRAWAL OF COMMITMENTS
VI. SUMMARY
II. MODES OF SUPPLY
III. MODES 1 AND 2 (CROSS-BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMPTION ABROAD)
III.A. HOW TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN MODE 1 AND 2?
Figure 1: "Cross-border supply" of services (or "mode 1")
III.B. HOW IMPORTANT ARE MODE 1/2 SERVICES TRADE?
III.C. WHAT HAS BEEN COMMITTED?
III.D. WHAT CHALLENGES ARE FACED IN MODE 1 AND 2 LIBERALISATION?
IV. MODE 3 (COMMERCIAL PRESENCE)
IV.A. WHAT IS MODE 3?
Figure 3: "Commercial presence" (or "mode 3")
IV.B. HOW IMPORTANT IS MODE 3 TRADE?
IV.C. WHAT HAS BEEN COMMITTED?
IV.D. WHAT IS BEING SOUGHT IN THE ONGOING NEGOTIATIONS ON MODE 3?
IV.E. WHAT CHALLENGES ARE FACED IN MODE 3 LIBERALISATION?
V. MODE 4 (PRESENCE OF NATURAL PERSONS)
V.A. WHAT IS MODE 4?
Figure 4: "Presence of natural persons" (or "mode 4")
V.B. WHAT IS NOT MODE 4?
V.C. WHAT IS THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF MODE 4 TRADE?
V.D. WHAT HAS BEEN COMMITTED UNDER MODE 4?
V.E. WHAT IS BEING SOUGHT IN THE ON-GOING NEGOTIATIONS ON MODE 4?
V.F. WHAT CHALLENGES ARE FACED IN MODE 4 LIBERALISATION?
Application of the GATS to individual service sectors
II. SECTOR-SPECIFIC ISSUES
II.A. PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
A. Professional Services CPC
II.B. COMPUTER AND RELATED SERVICES
B. Computer and Related Services CPC
II.C. POSTAL AND COURIER SERVICES, INCLUDING EXPRESS DELIVERY
II.D. TELECOMMUNICATIONS
II.E. AUDIOVISUAL SERVICES
II.F. DISTRIBUTION SERVICES
A. Distribution Services CPC
II.G. EDUCATIONAL SERVICES
II.H. ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES
A. Environmental Services CPC
II.I. ENERGY
II.J. FINANCIAL SERVICES
II.K. HEALTH SERVICES
II.L. TOURISM
II.M. TRANSPORT SERVICES
III. SUMMARY
II. SERVICES NEGOTIATIONS IN CONTEXT
Commitments of different groups of Members
II.A. NEGOTIATION OF SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS ARTICLE XIX
II.C. NEGOTIATING APPROACHES
II.D. NEGOTIATIONS ON RULE-MAKING AREAS
III. KEY STAGES IN THE NEGOTIATIONS
III.A. FROM DOHA TO CANCUN
III.B. THE "JULY PACKAGE" IN THE AFTERMATH OF CANCUN
III.C. ANNEX C AND THE HONG KONG MINISTERIAL DECLARATION
III.D. PLURILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS LAUNCHED
III.E. ELEMENTS FOR THE COMPLETION OF THE SERVICES NEGOTIATIONS
IV. SUMMARY
I.A. COUNCIL FOR TRADE IN SERVICES
I.B. SUBSIDIARY BODIES
II. DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES
III. ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF MEMBER GOVERNMENTS
III.A. MINISTRIES AND AGENCIES INVOLVED
III.B. NOTIFICATIONS
III.C. ENQUIRY POINTS
III.D. CONTACT POINTS
IV. ROLE OF THE WTO SECRETARIAT
II.A. COVERAGE OF BALANCE OF PAYMENTS TRADE IN SERVICES STATISTICS
III. MEASURING MODE 3 AND MORE… FOREIGN AFFILIATES AND FDI STATISTICS
III.A. THE FATS FRAMEWORK
III.B. FATS GEOGRAPHICAL ATTRIBUTION
III.C. ECONOMIC VARIABLES FOR FATS
III.D. HOW ARE SERVICE SECTORS IDENTIFIED?
III.E. COMMERCIAL PRESENCE AND FDI STATISTICS
IV. STATISTICS ON THE INTERNATIONAL SUPPLY OF SERVICES BY MODE
IV.A. MODE 4 TRADE: A STATISTICAL VIEW
IV.B. ALLOCATION OF BOP ITEMS TO MODES OF SUPPLY
V.A. BOP TRADE IN SERVICES DATA AVAILABILITY AND DISSEMINATION
V.B. COMMERCIAL PRESENCE: INFORMATION AVAILABLE
I. INTRODUCTION TO THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
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Published by Prem Kumar
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Published by: Prem Kumar on Sep 18, 2013
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