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Comprehensive Union Peace Ceasefire Agreement

Comprehensive Union Peace Ceasefire Agreement

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Published by Jutta Pflueg
Comprehensive Union Peace Ceasefire Agreement
Naypyitaw has quietly withdrawn its controversial 8 point guideline that was publicly laid down in May 2012 as pre-conditions for political dialogue with armed resistance movements, according to Karen and Shan technical teams returning to the border after holding meetings with representatives from government, political parties and civil society organizations last week.
According to the planned timeline, the Accord signing ceremony, to be witnessed by world dignitaries including Union Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, is to be held late October. The “Nationwide” agreement will require at least 8 (out of 16 armed groups, according to government count) to sign it.

So far, only the Karen National Union (KNU) and the RCSS/SSA have agreed “in principle.”

Meanwhile, a senior Chinese envoy visiting Burma said China did not want any groups along its border, especially the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) to be left out, according to Harn Yawnghwe, Director of Euro Burma Office (EBO), who attended the briefing session.http://www.english.panglong.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5596:presidents-8-point-peace-guideline-quietly-shelved&catid=85:politics&Itemid=266
Comprehensive Union Peace Ceasefire Agreement
Naypyitaw has quietly withdrawn its controversial 8 point guideline that was publicly laid down in May 2012 as pre-conditions for political dialogue with armed resistance movements, according to Karen and Shan technical teams returning to the border after holding meetings with representatives from government, political parties and civil society organizations last week.
According to the planned timeline, the Accord signing ceremony, to be witnessed by world dignitaries including Union Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, is to be held late October. The “Nationwide” agreement will require at least 8 (out of 16 armed groups, according to government count) to sign it.

So far, only the Karen National Union (KNU) and the RCSS/SSA have agreed “in principle.”

Meanwhile, a senior Chinese envoy visiting Burma said China did not want any groups along its border, especially the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) to be left out, according to Harn Yawnghwe, Director of Euro Burma Office (EBO), who attended the briefing session.http://www.english.panglong.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5596:presidents-8-point-peace-guideline-quietly-shelved&catid=85:politics&Itemid=266

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Published by: Jutta Pflueg on Sep 19, 2013
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09/24/2013

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Comprehensive Union Peace & CeasefireAgreement
Burma/Myanmar, 8 April 2013
 
CONCEPT DRAFT 1
(Confidential – Approved for Consultation only)
Based on the:
 
- Ceasefire Agreements between the Government and Ethnic  Armed Groups (Nov. 2011-Dec. 2012)
 
- Preliminary Framework Agreement (Dec. 2012),
 
- Statement of Ethnic Nationalities 2012 Conference,
 
- Consultations with EAG’s leadership (Jan April 2013),
 
- Statement from Civil Society Forum for Peace 2012.
 
 
COMPREHENSIVE PEACE AGREEMENT 2 August 2013
2
CONTENT
PREAMBLE ................................................................................................................................. 6
 
I. PRINCIPLES ............................................................................................................................ 7
 
1. Commitment to Peace ...................................................................................................... 7
 
2. Acknowledgment of the Panglong Agreement .................................................................. 7
 
3. Union of Burma ................................................................................................................ 7
 
4. Respect, democracy and autonomy ................................................................................. 7
 
5. Protection of ethnic groups ............................................................................................... 7
 
6. Equal rights ...................................................................................................................... 7
 
7. Acknowledgment of people’s suffering ............................................................................. 8
 
9. Inclusivity .......................................................................................................................... 8
 
10. Consensus ..................................................................................................................... 8
 
11. Collaboration .................................................................................................................. 8
 
12. Transparency and accountability .................................................................................... 9
 
13. Separation of forces and cessation of hostilities ............................................................. 9
 
14. Prohibition of the use of force ......................................................................................... 9
 
15. Just and equitable outcome ............................................................................................ 9
 
II. NATION-WIDE CEASEFIRE ACCORD ................................................................................. 10
 
1. Nation-wide ceasefire ..................................................................................................... 10
 
2. Establishment of Military Code of Conduct ..................................................................... 10
 
3. Joint Ceasefire Committee ............................................................................................. 10
 
4. Joint Peace Secretariat .................................................................................................. 11
 
5. Location of armed contingents ........................................................................................ 11
 
6. Freedom of movement ................................................................................................... 11
 
7. Military cooperation ........................................................................................................ 12
 
8. Liaison offices ................................................................................................................ 12
 
9. Humanitarian issues ....................................................................................................... 12
 
10. Political prisoners ......................................................................................................... 12
 
11. Freedom of NGOs and INGOs ..................................................................................... 12
 
12. Land issues .................................................................................................................. 13
 
13. Human Rights issues .................................................................................................... 13
 
COMPREHENSIVE PEACE AGREEMENT 2 August 2013
314. Legal status of ethnic armed groups………………………………………………………..13III. FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT FOR POLITICAL DIALOGUE ................................................ 14
 
1. Goal ............................................................................................................................... 14
 
2. Process principles .......................................................................................................... 14
 
3. Mechanisms ................................................................................................................... 14
 
4. Outcome and timing ....................................................................................................... 16
 
5. Public participation ......................................................................................................... 16
 
6. Role of media ................................................................................................................. 16
 
IV. TRANSITIONAL ARRANGEMENTS .................................................................................... 17
 
1. Purpose .......................................................................................................................... 17
 
2. Time frame ..................................................................................................................... 17
 
3. Political power-sharing ................................................................................................... 17
 
4. Empowerment of vulnerable groups ............................................................................... 17
 
5. Economic power-sharing ................................................................................................ 17
 
6. Judicial issues ................................................................................................................ 17
 
7. Cultural and environmental issues .................................................................................. 18
 
8. Land reform issues ......................................................................................................... 18
 
 ANNEX 1: SCOPE OF PARTICIPATION .................................................................................. 19
 
 ANNEX 2: DIALOGUE ISSUES ................................................................................................. 20
 
The following list mentioned some, though not exclusively all, of the relevant dialogueissues which shall be addressed during the National Dialogue: .......................................... 20
 
1. Constitutional reforms (TF) ............................................................................................. 20
 
2. Security reforms (TF)...................................................................................................... 20
 
3. Economical questions (TF) ............................................................................................. 21
 
4. Humanitarian issues (TC) ............................................................................................... 21
 
5. Judicial reforms (TF)....................................................................................................... 21
 
6. Land issues (TF) ............................................................................................................ 21
 
7. National reconciliation (TC) ............................................................................................ 22
 
8. Drug eradication (TC) ..................................................................................................... 22
 
9. Infrastructure development (TC) ..................................................................................... 22
 
10. IDP/refugee issues (TC) ............................................................................................... 22
 
11. Labor issues (TF) ......................................................................................................... 22
 

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Jutta Pflueg added this note
The Myanmar government will commit itself to political dialogue only on the occasion of the nationwide ceasefire signing, according to Hla Maung Shwe, senior advisor for the Myanmar Peace Centre.
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