3Te pinciple tat militay oces sould beunde civilian contol is well accepted by allnations, except militay dictatosips. But inmany counties, te eality is tat succontol is illusoy.Tanspaency Intenational’s Deence andSecuity Pogamme (TI-DSP) as beenwoking wit govenments, deencecompanies, amed oces, civil society, andpolicy-makes to impove anti-couptionstandads in te deence and secuity sectosince 2004. Ou objective is to ensue tatstong, eective mecanisms ae in place ingovenments and companies to peventcouption in deence, and to empowe civilsociety to demand tanspaency andaccountability in tis secto.In Januay 2013 TI-DSP publised teGovenment Deence Anti-Couption Index(GI), ou most extensive eseac so a. TeIndex analyses te vulneabilities o 82govenments to couption isk in deenceand secuity and te complete esults aepublised on a dedicated website.Tee wee 19 questions in te Index tatelated to te ole o paliaments andlegislatues in gting couption in deenceand secuity.Te esults wee socking—two-tids ocounties ae at vey ig isk o couptiondue to poo legislative contols ove deenceand secuity. Wose, 85 pe cent ocounties lack eective legislative scutinyo deence policy.Te ability o te legislatue to olddeence and secuity establisments toaccount is peaps te single mostimpotant anti-couption capability tat anation as. I paliamentay deencecommittees ae not olding te amedoces to account, wo is?Te pupose o tis epot is to gain adeepe undestanding o te eality olegislative ovesigt o deence. Tis studyextacts good pactices wic may beemulated woldwide, to enable cleaimpovement in paliamentay and legislativecontols.
Mak PymanDictoDnc and Scuity PogammTanspancy Intnationa UK Sptm, 2013