Pediatric Nursing PracticeTest Part 1
While performing physical assessment of a 12month-old, the nurse notes that the infant’santerior fontanel is still slightly open. Which of thefollowing is the nurse’s most appropriate action?
Notify the physician immediately because there isa problem.b.Perform an intensive neurologic examination.c.Perform an intensive developmental examination.d.Do nothing because this is a normal finding for theage.
When teaching a mother about introducing solidfoods to her child, which of the following indicatesthe earliest age at which this should be done?a.1 monthb.2 monthsc.3 monthsd.4 months3.The infant of a substance-abusing mother is at riskfor developing a sense of which of the following?a.Mistrustb.Shamec.Guiltd.Inferiority
Which of the following toys should thenurse recommend for a 5-month-old?a.A big red balloonb.A teddy bear with button eyesc.A push-pull wooden truckd.A colorful busy box5.The mother of a 2-month-old is concerned thatshe may be spoiling her baby by picking her upwhen she cries. Which of the following would bethe nurse’s best response?
“ Let her cry for a while before picking her up, soyou don’t spoil her”b.“Babies need to be held and cuddled; you won’tspoil her this way”c.“Crying at this age means the baby is hungry; giveher a bottle”d.“If you leave her alone she will learn how to cryherself to sleep”
When assessing an 18-month-old, the nurse notesa characteristic protruding abdomen. Which of thefollowing would explain the rationale for thisfinding?a.Increased food intake owing to age
Underdeveloped abdominal musclesc.Bowlegged postured.Linear growth curve7.If parents keep a toddler dependent in areaswhere he is capable of using skills, the toddle willdevelop a sense of which of the following?a.Mistrustb.Shamec.Guiltd.Inferiority8.Which of the following is an appropriate toy for an18-month-old?a.Multiple-piece puzzle
Miniature carsc.Finger paintsd.Comic book
When teaching parents about the child’s readinessfor toilet training, which of the following signsshould the nurse instruct them to watch for in thetoddler?a.Demonstrates dryness for 4 hoursb.Demonstrates ability to sit and walkc.Has a new sibling for stimulationd.Verbalizes desire to go to the bathroom
When teaching parents about typical toddlereating patterns, which of the following should beincluded?a.Food “jags”b.Preference to eat alonec.Consistent table mannersd.Increase in appetite
Which of the following suggestions should thenurse offer the parents of a 4-year-old boy whoresists going to bed at night?a.“Allow him to fall asleep in your room, then movehim to his own bed.”b.“Tell him that you will lock him in his room if hegets out of bed one more time.”c.“Encourage active play at bedtime to tire him outso he will fall asleep faster.”