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oracle9i_kien_truc_va_quan_tri

oracle9i_kien_truc_va_quan_tri

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Published by Huy Nguyen

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Published by: Huy Nguyen on Jun 30, 2009
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H\u00c0 N\u1ed8I\u2013 07/ 2002
Ki\u1ebfn tr\u00fac v\u00e0 qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb c\u01a1 s\u1edf d\u1eef li\u1ec7u Oracle
Trang 1
M\u1ee4C L\u1ee4C
M\u1ee4C L\u1ee4C........................................................................................................ 1
CH\u01a2\u01a0NG 1. C\u00c1C \u0110I\u1ec2MM\u1edaI TRONG ORACLE 9I........................................... 9
CH\u01a2\u01a0NG 2. C\u00c1C TH\u00c0NHPH\u1ea6NKI\u1ebeN TR\u00daC................................................ 14
2.1. KI\u1ebeN TR\u00daC ORACLE SERVER................................ ....................................................... 14

2.1.1. Oracle Instance................................ ................................ ................................ ...............14 2.1.2. Oracle database................................ ................................................................ ..............19 2.1.3. Qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb c\u01a1 s\u1edf d\u1eef li\u1ec7u Oracle...........................................................................................23 2.1.4. Thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp c\u00e1c tham s\u1ed1 kh\u1edfi t\u1ea1o \u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng t\u1edbi k\u00edch c\u1ee1 b\u1ed9 nh\u1edb SGA ................................ ......23

2.2. K\u1ebeT N\u1ed0I T\u1edaI ORACLE SERVER................................................................ .................... 24

2.2.1. M\u00f4 h\u00ecnh k\u1ebft n\u1ed1i................................ ................................ ................................ ...............24 2.2.2. M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n li\u00ean quan \u0111\u1ebfn k\u1ebft n\u1ed1i.................................................................25 2.2.3. K\u1ebft n\u1ed1i t\u1edbi database................................................................................................ ........25

CH\u01a2\u01a0NG 3. C\u00c1C C\u00d4NG C\u1ee4QU\u1ea2N TR\u1ecaO RACLE........................................... 27
3.1. C\u00c1C C\u00d4NG C\u1ee4 QU\u1ea2N TR\u1eca C\u01a0 S\u1ede D\u1eee LI\u1ec6U ORACLE..................................................... 27
3.2. SERVER MANAGER LINE MODE................................ ................................ ................... 27

3.2.1. Truy nh\u1eadp Server Manager Line Mode..............................................................................27 3.2.2. Ph\u00e2n nh\u00f3m c\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh trong Server manager.......................................................................28 3.2.3. Di\u1ec5n gi\u1ea3i c\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh trong Server manager..........................................................................28

3.3. ORACLE ENTERPRISE MANAGER................................ ................................ ................. 29

3.3.1. Ki\u1ebfn tr\u00fac OME ................................ ................................ ................................ .................29 3.3.2. C\u00e1c d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 chung................................................................ ................................ ...........30 3.3.3. Oracle Configuration Assistant ................................ .........................................................30 3.3.4. Oracle Enterprise Manager Console................................................................ ..................30

3.4. C\u00c1C C\u00d4NG C\u1ee4 QU\u1ea2N TR\u1eca KH\u00c1C................................ ................................ ................... 31
CH\u01a2\u01a0NG 4. T\u1ea0O DATABASE ........................................................................ 32
4.1. C\u00c1C B\u01a2\u1edaC T\u1ea0O DATABASE.......................................................................................... 32
4.2. CHU\u1ea8N B\u1eca M\u00d4I TR\u01a2\u1edcNG............................................................................................. 32

4.2.1. Chu\u1ea9n b\u1ecb h\u1ec7 \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00e0nh ................................................................ ................................ ....32 4.2.2. L\u00ean k\u1ebf ho\u1ea1ch b\u1ed1 tr\u00ed c\u00e1c file th\u00f4ng tin................................ ................................ ................32 4.2.3. Optimal Flexible Architecture\u2013 OFA.................................................................................33 4.2.4. C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac th\u01b0 m\u1ee5c ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m Oracle................................ ................................ .................34 4.2.5. Bi\u1ebfn m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng ................................ ................................ ................................ ..............34

4.3. CHU\u1ea8N B\u1eca C\u00c1C THAM S\u1ed0 TRONG PARAMETER FILE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.4. CHU\u1ea8N B\u1eca INSTANCE PH\u1ee4C V\u1ee4 QU\u1ea2N TR\u1eca.................................................................. 36

4.4.1. T\u1ea1o m\u1ed9t instance................................ ................................................................ ............36 4.4.2. Kh\u1edfi \u0111\u1ed9ng instance................................................................ ................................ ..........37 4.4.3. D\u1eebng instance.................................................................................................................37 4.4.4. Hu\u1ef7 instance................................ ................................ ................................ ...................38

4.5. T\u1ea0O DATABASE............................................................................................................ 38

4.5.1. Kh\u1edfi \u0111\u1ed9ng Instance................................................................................................ .........38 4.5.2. L\u1ec7nh t\u1ea1o database..........................................................................................................38 4.5.3. Oracle Database Assistant ................................ ...............................................................40 4.5.4. File script v\u00ed d\u1ee5 t\u1ea1o m\u1ed9t database................................ ................................ .....................40 4.5.5. L\u1ed7i x\u1ea3y ra khi t\u1ea1o database................................ ..............................................................41 4.5.6. K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 sau khi t\u1ea1o database................................ ...........................................................41

4.6. T\u1ea0O DATA DICTIONARY CHO DATABASE.................................................................... 42
Ki\u1ebfn tr\u00fac v\u00e0 qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb c\u01a1 s\u1edf d\u1eef li\u1ec7u Oracle
Trang 2
CH\u01a2\u01a0NG 5. QU\u1ea2N TR\u1eca ORACLE DATABASE ................................................ 43
5.1. PH\u00c2N LO\u1ea0I USERS....................................................................................................... 43

5.1.1. Database Administrators................................................................ ................................ ..43 5.1.2. Security Officers................................ ................................ ................................ ..............43 5.1.3. Application Developers................................................................................................ ....44 5.1.4. Database Users................................ ................................ ................................ ...............44 5.1.5. Network Administrators................................................................................................ ...44

5.2. PH\u01a2\u01a0NG TH\u1ee8C X\u00c1C NH\u1eacN \u0110\u1eb6C QUY\u1ec0N TRUY NH\u1eacP................................ .................. 44

5.2.1.Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng th\u1ee9c x\u00e1c nh\u1eadn quy\u1ec1n..........................................................................................44 5.2.2. X\u00e1c nh\u1eadn quy\u1ec1n b\u1edfi h\u1ec7 \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00e0nh ................................ ................................ ....................45 5.2.3. X\u00e1c nh\u1eadn quy\u1ec1n b\u1eb1ng file m\u1eadt kh\u1ea9u.................................................................................46 5.2.4. Thay \u0111 \u1ed5i m\u1eadt kh\u1ea9u internal................................ ..............................................................46

5.3. T\u1ea0O PARAMETER FILE................................................................ ................................ . 47

5.3.1. S\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u00e1c tham s\u1ed1 ................................................................ ................................ .......47 5.3.2. M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 quy t\u1eafc \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi c\u00e1c tham s\u1ed1 ................................ ................................ ..................48 5.3.3. .......................................................................................................................................48 5.3.4. C\u00e1c tham s\u1ed1 c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n.........................................................................................................48

5.4. START V\u00c0 SHUT DOWN DATABASE.............................................................................. 49

5.4.1.C\u00e1c b\u01b0\u1edbc Start v\u00e0 Shut down database............................................................................49 5.4.2. Start database................................ ................................................................ ................51 5.4.3. Thay \u0111 \u1ed5i t\u00ednh s\u1eb5n d\u00f9ng c\u1ee7a database hi\u1ec7n th\u1eddi................................................................ .51 5.4.4. Shut down database................................................................ ................................ ........52 5.4.5. Thay \u0111 \u1ed5i tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i c\u1ee7a database................................................................ .....................53 5.4.6. T\u1ea1m treo v\u00e0 ph\u1ee5c h\u1ed3i Database.......................................................................................54 5.4.7.\u0110\u1eb7t ch\u1ebf \u0111\u1ed9 ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u0129nh cho database................................................................ ..........55

5.5.\u0110\u1eb6T TR\u1ea0NG TH\u00c1I T\u0128NH CHO DATABASE..................................................................... 55

5.5.1.\u0110\u01b0a Database v\u00e0o tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i t\u0129nh ................................ ................................ .....................55 5.5.2. Ph\u1ee5c h\u1ed3i h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng tr\u1edf l\u1ea1i ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u01b0 b\u00ecnh th\u01b0\u1eddng ........................................................56 5.5.3. Xem tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i c\u1ee7a database...........................................................................................56

5.6. L\u1ea4Y C\u00c1C TH\u00d4NG TIN V\u1ec0 H\u1ec6 TH\u1ed0NG............................................................................ 56

5.6.1. M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 views c\u1ea7n quan t\u00e2m ................................ .............................................................57 5.6.2. Hi\u1ec3n th\u1ecb gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c th\u00f4ng s\u1ed1 h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng ................................ ................................ .........57 5.6.3. Tham s\u1ed1 h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng \u0111\u1ed9ng (c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 thay \u0111\u1ed5i)................................ ................................ .........58 5.6.4. Qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd session................................ ................................ ................................ ...............58 5.6.5. Trace file v\u00e0 ALERT file................................................................ ................................ ....59

CH\u01a2\u01a0NG 6. DATA DICTIONARY, VIEWS V\u00c0 PACKAGES............................. 60
6.1. DATA DICTIONARY V\u00c0 VIEWS..................................................................................... 60

6.1.1. Data Dictionary................................ ................................................................ ...............60 6.1.2. Data Dictionary views................................................................ ................................ ......61 6.1.3. Sripts qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb ................................ ................................ ................................ .................63

6.2. STORED PROCEDURES V\u00c0 C\u00c1C PACKAGES CHU\u1ea8N..................................................... 64

6.2.1. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u chung................................ ................................ ................................ ..............64 6.2.2. Stored procedures ................................................................ ................................ ...........64 6.2.3. Packages chu\u1ea9n................................ ................................................................ ..............65 6.2.4. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 packages chu\u1ea9n do Oracle cung c\u1ea5p.......................................................65 6.2.5. PackageDBMS_META DATA..............................................................................................67 6.2.6. Package dbms_redefinition..............................................................................................68

6.3. TH\u00d4NG TIN V\u1ec0 C\u00c1C STORED PROCEDURES................................................................ 68
CH\u01a2\u01a0NG 7. QU\u1ea2N TR\u1eca CONTROL FILES..................................................... 71
7.1. CONTROL FILES................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 71

7.1.1. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u control file................................................................................................ .......71 7.1.2. C\u00e1ch th\u1ee9c \u0111\u1eb7t t\u00ean control file................................ ...........................................................71 7.1.3. K\u1ebft h\u1ee3p nhi\u1ec1u control files ................................ ...............................................................71 7.1.4. N\u1ed9i dung c\u1ee7a control file................................................................ ................................ ..72 7.1.5. C\u00e1c tham s\u1ed1 \u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng t\u1edbi k\u00edch th\u01b0\u1edbc c\u1ee7a control file.......................................................73

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