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Published by: nixonfuenzalida on Jun 30, 2009
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UNIVERSIDAD DE PLAYA ANCHAFACULTAD DE HUMANIDADESDEPARTAMENTO DE CIENCIAS DEL LENGUAJECARRERA DE PEDAGOGÍA EN INGLÉS
Assignment on English Affixes and Roots
Nixon Fuenzalida GonzálezProfessor: Cecilia CopelloValparaíso, Chile2009
 
IntroductionDuring the last part of this course we have learned the importance of affixes inword stress. However, affixes have thought us their importance in lexical termssince with them we can form new words with a completely different meaningand by knowing the meaning of those affixes we may have at least an idea of what that word wants to tell us.Something similar happens with roots (in lexical terms) in view of the fact thatroots have a meaning and they are the basic element of a word, we will have athought of what that word also means. Applying our last proposal we can findexamples like:
Graph
(Which means: A diagram)
Term
(A fixed time or date)But also there are some word roots that require other elements such as:prefixes, suffixes or even other roots. For example: the roots
archy 
(government) and
dox 
(opinion or belief) need to be combined with at least oneof the elements mentioned before. Here is an example:
Dyarchy:
 
[from the prefix
dy-
(meaning two) and the root
archy 
 (meaning government)]
Anarchist:
 
[from the prefix
an-
(meaning without or no), the root
archy 
(meaning government), and the suffix
-ist 
(meaning one who)]
Orthodox: [from the prefix
ortho-
(meaning right or true) and the root
dox 
(meaning opinion or belief)]As we have seen so far, one of the main aspects of roots and affixes in Englishis the lexical one, but this assignment is not only about this aspect, it is alsoabout the meaning of the root as well the language of which comes, theinfluence of these elements in word stress and some extra information whichmight be relevant in the process of having a better understanding of this topic.In the case of affixes, it is also important knowing the meaning of this, since canprovide us a meaning and therefore help us to understand (As before wasmentioned) the meaning of a word, or in the case a specific part of it. This willbe proved by comparing the origin of the English word with every part of it andits etymological meaning as well. For a better understanding of the importanceof roots and affixes, phonological transcription will be included as well a smallanalysis of the results that will be getting.
 
AffixThe prefixes assigned to me were:
Per-
&
Peri-
PrefixEnglish MeaningOriginLanguageEnglishExamplesPer-
Through
All over 
Completely
Cat
Latin per;
Through,by means of 
Perforate
Perambulate
PercolateChemistryconnotationImplies that an element is presentin the maximum proportionpossible.
Peroxide
PeroxyThe word "per" in Latin has different meanings; one of them is "in relation to,through, by means of". However there are also other idiomatic English phraseswhere it's not associated with a rate: as per instructions / as per enclosed / asper sample / as per usual / per post / per rail. However, this last meaning is notuseful for our purpose in studying only the prefix but is important to mentionsince it is important in the sense of using.The prefix per- means (in English):
through; all over; completely.
Almost thesame meaning that it has in the original language. Words containing thiscombining form have frequently come directly from Latin or through French withthe initial
per-
already attached.In chemistry
per-
implies that an element is present in the maximum proportionpossible, or that that the principal atom is in a higher state of oxidation thanusual.

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