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YU Pesach-To-Go 5767

YU Pesach-To-Go 5767

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Published by ender7
Yeshiva University's Center for the Jewish Future and the Marcos & Adina Katz YUTorah.org present Pesach-To-Go 5767, a Pesach study guide. Pesach-To-Go includes programs for adults and children.
Yeshiva University's Center for the Jewish Future and the Marcos & Adina Katz YUTorah.org present Pesach-To-Go 5767, a Pesach study guide. Pesach-To-Go includes programs for adults and children.

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Published by: ender7 on Mar 23, 2007
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05/08/2014

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 by
PESACH-TO-GO
5767
Rabbi Josh FlugEdited byIsaac ShalevChildren’s Program byAvidan Freedman
 
A PROJECT OF THE MARCOS & ADINA KATZYUTORAH.ORG
Yeshiva University’s Online Source for Torah and Shiurim
Copyright © 2007All rights reserved by Yeshiva University
 yutorah@yutorah.org 
 Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary
ן נ ח ל א
 
ק ח צ י
 
ו נ ב ר
 
ת ב י ש י
 Center for the Jewish Future
 
YESHIVA UNIVERSITY
 
Whose Haggadah Is It?
 
Pesach-To-Go 5767 / 2007 
 
1
 www.yutorah.org
Whose Haggadah Is It? Exploring the Strucutre of Maggid 
 Jews are sometimes referred to as the “People of the Book”, but that descriptionactually sells the Jewish people short. Jews are a people of many books, from theTanach to the Talmud to the vast library of
sifrei halacha, mussar,
and
machshava.
 Yet the Haggadah stands out from all these books as unique.Compiled over the course of hundreds of years in locations throughout the Jewish world, including Israel and both eastern and western Diasporas, it reflectsthe full spectrum of the Jewish experience. The Haggadah contains bits of Torah,Neviim, Ketuvim, Mishna, Gemara, Aggada, and Midrash. It has mystical poemsside-by-side with practical instructions, and Talmudic debates alongsidechildren’s recitations.At the heart of the Haggadah is
 Maggid
, which defines the part of the
Seder 
inwhich we fulfill the mitzvah of
sippur yetziat Mitzrayim
– the recounting of ourExodus from Egypt. With its wealth of stories, songs, and declarations, it is easyto lose ourselves in the magic of the Haggadah and the
Seder 
night itself.In this section of
Pesach-To-Go
, we will take a step back from the stories and lookbroadly at the very structure of
 Maggid
. Together, we will peel back the layers ofthe Haggadah, present some fundamental questions about its components, andexplore and expose its enigmatic structure. We will then consider one possibleapproach to explaining how the Haggadah we have today came to be, and why.To start, let’s look at the major sections of
 Maggid
, listed on the next page. Dothey flow smoothly and rationally into one another? If you were the editor of the
Haggadah
, would you assemble these paragraphs the same way?
 
Whose Haggadah Is It?
 
Pesach-To-Go 5767 / 2007 
 
2
 www.yutorah.org
The Sections of Maggid
1.
 
הָנ ַתּ ְשּׁִנּ
 
ה ַמ
- The FourQuestions2.
 
וניִיָה
 
םי ִדָבֲע
– The
OneSentence Answer3.
 
םי ִמָכֲח
 
וּנָלֻכּ
 
וּליִפֲאַו
 
- Even theWise and Knowledgeable4.
 
רֶזֶעיִלֱא
 
י ִבּַר ְבּ
 
ה ֶשׂֲע ַמ
 
- The
Seder 
 in
Bnei Brak
 5.
 
הָי ְרַזֲע
 
ןֶבּ
 
רָזָעְל ֶא
 
ר ַמאָ
-Mentioning
Yetziat
 
 Mitzrayim
 Throughout the Year -
 Amar R
.
Elazar ben Azaryah
 6.
 
םיִנָב
 
הָעָבּ ְראַ
 
דֶגֶנ ְכּ
-
The FourSons7.
 
שׁֶדֹח
 
שׁאֹר ֵמ
 
לוֹכָי
 
- TheTimeframe for RecitingMaggid8.
 
וּיָה
 
הָרָז
 
הָדוֹבֲע
 
יֵד ְבוֹע
 
הָלּ ִח ְתּ ִמ וּני ֵתוֹבֲא
 
- Our Forefatherswere Idol Worshippers9.
 
ל ֵאָר ְשׂִי ְל
 
וֹתָח ָט ְבַה
 
ר ֵמוֹשׁ
 
ְךוּרָבּ
 
-The
Brit Bein HaBetarim
 10.
 
ד ַמְלוּ
 
אֵצ
- Exposition of
 AramiOved Avi
 11.
 
תוֹכּ ַמ
 
ר ֶשׂֶע
 
וּלּ ֵא
- The TenPlagues and the ensuingdiscussion12.
 
וניֵלָע
 
םוֹק ָמּַל
 
תוֹבוֹט
 
תוֹלֲע ַמ
 
ה ָמַכּ
 
- Dayeinu
 
13.
 
ר ֵמוֹא
 
הָיָה
 
ל ֵאיִל ְמַגּ
 
ןָבּַר
-
Mentioning the Mitzvot of theNight -
Pesach, Matzah,U'Maror 
14.
 
רוֹדָו
 
רוֹדּ
 
לָכ ְבּ
 
- In EveryGeneration [a person shouldsee himself]15.
 
תוֹדוֹהְל
 
םי ִבָיַח
 
וּנ ְחַנֲא
 
ְךָכיִפְל
 
Therefore we must say praise- Preamble to
Hallel
 
16.
 
Hallel
After going through this exercise, you may have noticed the followingpeculiarities:1)
 
The Haggadah only provides a one-sentence answer to the child'squestions. It then goes on a somewhat lengthy tangent regarding themitzvah of
sippur yetziat Mitzrayim
(the mitzvah of recounting the Exodusfrom Egypt), which emphasizes a few aspects of the obligation:a.
 
Even the wise and knowledgeable must recount the Exodus,though they are undoubtedly familiar with it.b.
 
It is particularly praiseworthy to spend extra time, even beyond theboundaries of the
Seder,
recounting the Exodus, as we can see fromthe story of the
Seder 
in
Bnei Brak
.

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