Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Standard view
Full view
of .
×
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
Inferences Concerning Two Means

# Inferences Concerning Two Means

Ratings: 0|Views: 58|Likes:
If researchers want to compare two samples in terms of the mean scores using inferential statistics, they can utilize a confidence interval approach to the data or an approach that involves setting up and testing a null hypothesis
If researchers want to compare two samples in terms of the mean scores using inferential statistics, they can utilize a confidence interval approach to the data or an approach that involves setting up and testing a null hypothesis

categoriesBook Excerpts

### Availability:

See More
See less

09/20/2013

pdf

text

original

Statistics

LEARN TO EXCEL
HomeworkHelp
Step-by-Step Solutions
Experienced TutorsDetailed Explanationwww.classof1.com/homework-help/statistics

*
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Subject: Statistics

Inferences Concerning Two Means
If researchers want to compare two samples in terms of the mean scores using inferential statistics,they can utilize a confidence interval approach to the data or an approach that involves setting upand testing a null hypothesis. Whether two samples are considered to be independent or correlated
is tied to the issue of the nature of the groups before data are collected on the study’s dependent
variable. If the two groups have been assembled in such a way that a logical relationship exists between each member of the first sample and one and only one member of the second sample, thenthe two samples are correlated samples. However, if no such relationship exists, the two samplesare independent samples.Correlated samples come into existence in one of three ways. If a single group of people ismeasured twice (e.g., to provide pretest and posttest data), then a relationship exists in the data because each of the pretest scores goes with one and only one of the posttest scores, because bothcome from measuring the same research participant. A second situation that produces correlatedsamples is matching. Here, each person in the second group is recruited for the study because he orshe is a good match for a particular individual in the first group. The matching could be done interms of height, IQ, running speed, or any of a multitude of possible matching variables.The matching variable, however, is never the same as the dependent variable to be measured andthen used to compare the two samples. The third situation that produces correlated samples occurs when biological twins are split up, with one member of each pair going into the first sample and theother member going into the second group. Here, the obvious connection that ties together the twosamples is genetic similarity. When people, animals, or things are measured twice or when twin pairs are split-up, it is fairly easy to sense which scores are paired together and why such pairing exists. When a study involvesmatching, however, things are slightly more complicated, because at least two data-based variablesare involved. The data on one or more of these variables are used to create pairs of people such thatthe two members of any pair are as similar as possible on matching variables. Once the matched

*
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Subject: Statistics

pairs are formed, then new data are examined on the dependent variable of interest to see if the twogroups of individuals differ on the dependent variable.For example, a researcher might create matched pairs of students who have low academic self-concept, randomly split up the pairs to form an experimental group (which receives tutoring) and acontrol group (which does not), and then compare the two groups in terms of how they perform atthe end of the term on a final course examination. In this hypothetical study, the matching variableis academic self-concept (with these scores discarded after being used to form matched pairs); thescores of primary interest that is, the scores corresponding to the dependent variable
come fromthe final course examination.If the two groups of scores being compared do not represent one of these three situations, then they are considered to be independent samples. Such samples can come about in any number of ways.

## Activity (0)

### Showing

AllMost RecentReviewsAll NotesLikes