In the scales they go up, they are [lighter] than vanity altogether.io Trust not in oppressions and in robbery become not vain,When wealth grows, set not your heart thereon.11 Once has God spoken, twice have I heard this,That strength [belongs] to God.12 And to Thee, O God, [belongs] loving-kindness,For Thou, Thou renderest to a man according to his work.THERE are several points of affinity between thispsalm and the thirty-ninth, — such as the frequentuse of the particle of asseveration or restriction ("surely"224 THE PSALMSor " only ") ; the rare and beautiful word for " stfence,"as expressing restful, still resignation ; and the charac-terisation of men as " vanity." These resemblances arenot proofs of identity of authorship, though establishinga presumption in its favour. Delitzsch accepts thepsalm as Davidic, and refers it to the time of Absalom'srevolt. The singer is evidently in a position of dignity(" elevation," ver. 4), and one whose exhortations comewith force to the " people " (ver. 8), whether that won 4is understood as designating the nation or his immediatefollowers. Cheyne, who relegates the psalm to thePersian period, feels that the recognition of the singeras " a personage who is the Church's bulwark " is thenatural impression on reading the psalm ("Orig. oPsalt.," 227, and 242, «.). If so, David's position isprecisely that which is required. Whoever sang thisimmortal psalm, rose to the heights of conquering faith,and gave voice to the deepest and most permanentemotions of devout souls.