The Kolmogorov hypotheses
Fundamental questions concerning turbulence scales:
What is the size of the smallest eddies that areresponsible for dissipation of energy?
As the lengthscale
decreases do the characteristicvelocity scale
increase, decreaseor remain the same?
Kolmogorov hypothesis of local isotropy
At sufficiently high Reynolds number, the small-scaleturbulent motion
are statistically isotropic
Let introduce an assumption:
- anisotropic large eddies
-isotropic small eddiesOn what parameters does this statistically universal statedepend?
Rate of energy transfer from large scale
which determines the dissipationratebut
which leads to
Kolmogorov first similarity hypothesis
In every turbulent flow at sufficiently high Reynoldsnumber, the statistics of the small-scale motions have auniversal form that is uniquely determined by