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A set of processing or working instructions that,because of their high precision, can be carriedout independently by a mechanical or electronicdevice. Algorithms are, for example, the set rulesfor addition and subtraction etc. However, theyare also the instructions that are established in aprogramming language. Algorithms simply allowthe computer to solve particular problems. Inimage editing, algorithms are used to alterimages, e.g. 3-D Cubic Algorithm. (
Pixel-shaped curves on the diagonal edges of objects. This can sometimes occur since allgraphics consist of individual
pixels. Anti-aliasingreduces this unwelcome effect by recalculatingthe contrast values of the neighbouring pixelsand matching them up with each other.
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digital. Analogue data mergescontinuously into each other without clearlydefined steps. (E.g. the colours of a rainboware not obviously separable from one another.)
Mechanism behind the lens that controls theamount of light entering the camera. The aperturenot only influences picture brightness but alsoregulates
depth of focus. Most cameras areequipped with an iris aperture that can be freelyadjusted or set according to pre-selected values.
In this mode, the user can adjust the apertureand the camera automatically selects the bestshutter speed to match it. In most cameras, theAperture Priority mode is denoted by the letter“A”.