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Basic Physics-Anecdotal Approach,Part3

# Basic Physics-Anecdotal Approach,Part3

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Physics lesson covering centripetal force, circular movarment, orbital velocities, Moon's period, G measurement, Cavendish experiment, Earth's mass, Earth density, Eratosthenes, Earth's circumferences, average density, Kepler's law, solar system, Kepler's third law, solar system, Kepler's third law, periods of planets, Newton, Robert Hooke, Saturn's period, numerical examples.
Physics lesson covering centripetal force, circular movarment, orbital velocities, Moon's period, G measurement, Cavendish experiment, Earth's mass, Earth density, Eratosthenes, Earth's circumferences, average density, Kepler's law, solar system, Kepler's third law, solar system, Kepler's third law, periods of planets, Newton, Robert Hooke, Saturn's period, numerical examples.

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03/15/2014

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BasicPhysics-ananecdotalapproach
NKSrinivasanPhD
Part3
Inthispart,weshallexplorethemovementofanobjectinacircularpath.
Wearefamiliarwithcarsrunningincirculartracksoraplanetmovinginanorbitaroundastaroryourrollercoasterridewithcirculartracks.
Inallsuchcases,therearetwoforcesactingatthesametime.Oneforceiscalled"centripetal"whichisdirectedtowardsthecenterofthecircleofcurvature.
Theotheristhetangentialforceactingontheobjectinthedirectionofrotationormovement.Letusalwaysassumeanti-clockwisemovementaspositive,becauseplanetsmoveinanti-clockwisediratcion.

CentripetalAcceleration
Theaccelerationtowardsthecenter,calledcentripetal,isgivenbytheformula:
a=v
2
/r
Supposeyouswingaballof100gramswithacircularorbitof0.6m,making1revolutionspersecond,
wegetthespeedv=2pi.r/t=2.pi.0.6/1=15m/s
Thecentripetalaccelerationisa=15.15/0.6=375 m/s.s
ThecentripetalforceF=massxa
=0.1x375=37.5Newton
TheconceptofcentripetalforcewasdevelopedbyChristiannHuyghenswhowasacontemporaryofNewton.
Circularmovementinaircraft
Whenyouflyinanaircraft,youexperiencethispullwhentheaircraftturnsorbanksinacircularpath.Thisbecomesveryimportantforfighterplanesbecausetheymakerapidmanoeuvrestofight.
Sinceaircraftspeesareveryhigh,thiscentripetal

forcecanbeabigproblem.
Theaccelerationis:a=(444)(444)/1000=197m/ss.6
Thisaccelerationis197/9.8g=20.1g.