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Uniform Civil Code

Uniform Civil Code

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Published by Anurag Chaurasia
uniform civil code
uniform civil code

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Published by: Anurag Chaurasia on Sep 22, 2013
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02/12/2015

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Uniform civil code ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSIt is a great pleasure for me to put on records our appreciation and gratitude towardsNidhi raman for her immensesupportand encouragement all through the preparation of this report. I would like to thank thecollege(Siddhartha law college) for providing us witha well-equipped library.Lastbut not the least, I would like to thank all the friends andothers who directly or indirectly helped us in completing our project report.
 
 CONTENT1. INTRODUCTION2. NEED FOR UNIFORM CIVIL CODE3. UNIFORM CIVIL CODE AND SECULARISM A DEBATE
4.
Simplicity in law 5. POSITION OF LEGISLATURE6. SUCCESSION AND INHERITANCE
and
MAINTAINENCE
 7.
UNIFORM CIVIL CODE: A CALL FROM THE INDIAN JUDICAIRY 
8.
UNIFORM CIVIL CODE OPTIONAL OR COMPULSORY 
 9.
WHT DO WE NEED UNIFORM CIVIL CODE
10
. IMPLEMNTATION AT STATE LEVEL
11
. CONCLUSION
12
. BIBLIOGRAPHY 
 
 
INTRODUCTION
“The
personal law of the Hindus, such as relating to marriage, succession and the like has all asacramental origin, in the same manner as in the case of the Muslims or the Christians. TheHindus along with Sikhs, Buddhists and Janis have forsaken their sentiments in the cause of thenational unity and integration, some other communities would not, though the Constitutionenjoins the establishment of a "Uniform civil Code" for the whole of 
India”.
The personal lawsof the major religious communities had traditionally governed marital and family relations, withthe Government maintaining a policy of non-interference in such laws in the absence of ademand for change from individual religious communities. India is a land of diverse religionsHindus, Buddhists, Janis, Christians, Muslims, Parsees, and Sikhs form the nation. Unity indiversity is the core feature of the Indian nation. Each community has its own laws governingmarriage and divorce, infants and minors, adoption, wills, and succession. These personal lawsgo with an individual across the states of India where they are part of the law of the land, and theindividual is entitled to have that individual's own personal law applied and not the law whichwould be applied in the local territory. Personal laws are statutory and customary laws applicableto particular religious or cultural groups within a national jurisdiction. They govern familyrelations in such matters as marriage and divorce, maintenance and succession. India is a secular country where every community is allowed its own personal laws. Christians have the IndianChristian Marriage Act, 1872 and the Indian Divorce Act 1869, Hindus have the HinduSuccession Act, 1925[hereinafter HSA, 1956] and the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955[hereinafter HMA, 1955] and so on. Muslim personal law, based on the Sharia, is not codified. SinceMuslims are governed by the Sharia, an Indian male Muslim is entitled to have four wives at anytime. It is interesting to note that after independence, Pakistan modernized its personal law andmade it quite difficult for a man to marry a second time. Tunisia and Turkey have

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