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NASA Gemini 3 Press Kit

NASA Gemini 3 Press Kit

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Published by Orion2015
NASA Press Kit for the Gemini 3 manned spaceflight. Published by NASA in 1965.
NASA Press Kit for the Gemini 3 manned spaceflight. Published by NASA in 1965.

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Published by: Orion2015 on Jul 01, 2009
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07/01/2009

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WO
1-4155
ATIONAL AERONAUTICSANDSPACE ADMINISTRATIONWASt-lINGTON.
D
C
20546
TELS
WO
3-6915
FORRELEASE:
Wednesday
AMs
March
17.
1965
RELEASE
NO:
65-81
R
E
S
S
PROJECT:
GEMINI-TITAN
3
GENERAL NEWS RELEASE
............................
1-4
TECHNICAL BACKGROUNDPrimary Objectives
............................
5
Secondary Objectives
...........................
6
Mission Description
............................
7
Flight Data
....................................
8
8
eather Requirements
..........................
Countdown
.....................................
10
11a
ummary Flight Plan
...........................
I;il.unch
........................................
12
In-Flight
.....................................
14
Reentry. Landing. Recovery
.....................
5
Abort
Modes
....................................
1gA
Spacecraft Landing Sequence
...................
19BManned Space Flight Tracking Network
...........
0
Network Responsibility
........................
23
Network Configuration. Capability,
............
5A
Experiments
....................................
26
Reentry Communications
.......................
26
Sea Urchin Egg
................................
28
White Blood Cells
............................
2
9
Cardiovascular Effects
.......................
30
Medical Checks
...............................
32
Photography
..................................
32
Food Evaluation
...............................
32
Gemini Survival Package
.......................
35
Gemini Spacecraft
.............................
37
Gemini Launch Vehicle
..........................
9
Gemini Space Suit
..............................
41
Crew Biographies
...............................
3
Virgil
I
"Gus" Grissom
.......................
43
John
W
.
Young
.................................
45
Schirra.
Jr
........................
46
Thomas
P
.
Stafford
............................
48
project Officials
..............................
0
Meals
.........................................
34
Walter
M
.
GT-3
Information Mission Organization..
........
OA
Launch scheduled
no
earlier
than
March
22.
1965
 
WO
2-41
55
EWS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
20546
TELS'
WO
3-692
5
ATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
FOR RELEASE:
WEDNESDAY
AM'S
March
17,
1965
RELEASE
NO:
65-81
NASASCHEDULES
FIRST
MANNED GEMINI
FLIGHTFROM
CAPE
KENNEDYThe
first
United States two-man space
flight
in
a
Gemini Spacecraft
is
scheduled to be launched
from
Cape
Kennedy no earlier than March
22,
the
National Aeronauticsand Space Administration announced today.Astronauts
Virgil
I.
(Gus)
Grissom
and John Young makeup the crew for the three-orbit
flight.
M.
Schirra,
Jr.,
and Thomas
P.
Stafford are the backup crew.They
will
replace the prime crew should either member
of
that
team
become ineligible
for
medical
or
other reasons.Astronauts Walter
This
first
manned
flight
in
a
Gemini spacecraft
is
designated Gemini-Titan
3
or
GT-3
-
Gemini for
the
spacecraft,Titan
I1
for the launch vehicle.
A
successful
GT-3
flight
will
achieve many significant
firsts
for
United States manned space
flight
program:
--
The
first
maneuveringorchange of
orbital
plane
by
the
crew.
--
Use
of
a
variable
lift
capability by the crew duringreentry
to
"fly"
to
a
selected landing
area.
.*
 
-2-
The spacecraft
will
be
launched by
a
two-stage Titan
11,
*
a
modified
U.S.Air
Force
ICBM,
into
a
100-150
mile
orbit.
It's
orbit
will
take about
90
minutes (orbital period) andrange between
33
degrees north and south of the equator.Total
flight
time
is
expected
to
be
about four
hours
and
50
minutes
--
from
lift-off to landing in the Atlantic Oceannear Grand Turk Island in
the
West
Indies.
The
first
maneuver
will
take place near completion ofthe
first
orbit
as
the spacecraft
passes
over Texas. Smallrockets, called thrusters,
will
be fired to change the orbit
to
near circulaqabout 100-107
miles.
On the second orbitthe thrusters
will
be
fired
in
a
lateral direction causing
a
slight
shift
In orbital plane angle. They
will
be
fired
in
a
retro
direction again on the
third
orbit resulting in anelliptical orbit
with
a
low point
of
about
52
miles.After firing the retro rockets in the fringes of
Earth's
atmosphere,the astronauts begin
their
controlled reentry tothe prescribed landing point and recovery
by
U.S.
Naval forces.Three in-flight scientific experiments
are
planned
for
the
GT-3
mission. One experiment
will
test
effects
of
weightlessness on living cells. Another
will
measure the
effect
of
weightlessness
and
radiation on human white
blood
cells.
-
more
-
*
All
miles
given
are
statute

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