Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network
, is a form of Mobile ad-hoc network, toprovide communications among nearby vehicles and between vehicles and nearby fixedequipment, usually described as roadside equipment.
VANET, or Intelligent Vehicular Ad-HocNetworking, defines an Intelligent way of using Vehicular Networking.
VANET integrates onmultiple ad-hoc networking technologies such as WiFi IEEE 802.11 b/g, WiMAX IEEE 802.16,Bluetooth, IRA, ZigBee for easy, accurate, effective and simple communication betweenvehicles on dynamic mobility. Although there are many proposed solutions for routing inVANET, it is still unclear as to what specific characteristics VANET routing protocols shouldpossess, since none of the proposed solutions achieves optimum performance in both urban andhighway, as well as sparse and dense environment. To shed light on these issues, we analyzesome of the most important QoS metrics in VANET. A vehicle in VANET is considered to be anintelligent mobile node capable of communicating with its neighbors and other vehicles in thenetwork. For configuring the vehicle with a unique address, there is a need for addressreconfigurations depending on the mobility patterns; we have presented a centralized addressingscheme for VANET using DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). By building up a P2Poverlay network on top of VANET's physical infrastructure, we effectively integrated P2Pnetwork’s advantage on sustaining highly dynamic network into the design of VANET routingprotocol. By deploying passive VANET routing algorithms with innovative P2P routingmechanisms, we propose a new kind of VANET routing protocol named Peer Computing basedAd hoc On Demand Vector (PAV). A detailed description of the P2P decentralized naming,route discovering, route querying and updating algorithm used in PAV is presented in this paper.The simulation results indicate that PAV has an improved routing performance in comparisonwith the popularly used AODV protocol.