# Welcome back

## Find a book, put up your feet, stay awhile

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more

Download

Standard view

Full view

of .

Look up keyword

Like this

Share on social networks

4Activity

×

0 of .

Results for: No results containing your search query

P. 1

HW #3_ 2D Motion and Projectiles Mastering Physics AnswersRatings: (0)|Views: 34,581|Likes: 2

Published by Qusizle

This has all the answers to the hints and the mastering physics problem answers. I recommend you use this as a reference because sometimes you can just be inputting the answer wrong.

This has all the answers to the hints and the mastering physics problem answers. I recommend you use this as a reference because sometimes you can just be inputting the answer wrong.

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/170139963/HW-3-2D-Motion-and-Projectiles-Mastering-Physics-Answers

02/12/2015

text

original

9/22/13 HW #3: 2D motion and projectilessession.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?displayMode=studentView&assignmentID=2523260 1/41

HW #3: 2D motion and projectiles

Due: 11:00pm on Friday, September 20, 2013

You will receive no credit for items you complete after the assignment is due.Grading Policy

Vector Components--Review

Learning Goal:

To introduce you to vectors and the use of sine and cosine for a triangle when resolving components.Vectors are an important part of the language of science, mathematics, and engineering. They are used to discussmultivariable calculus, electrical circuits with oscillating currents, stress and strain in structures and materials, andflows of atmospheres and fluids, and they have many other applications. Resolving a vector into components is aprecursor to computing things with or about a vector quantity. Because position, velocity, acceleration, force,momentum, and angular momentum are all vector quantities, resolving vectors into components is

the most important skill

required in a mechanics course.The figure shows the components of , and , alongthe

x

and

y

axes of the coordinate system, respectively. Thecomponents of a vector depend on the coordinate system'sorientation, the key being the angle between the vector andthe coordinate axes, often designated .

Part A

The figure shows the standard way of measuring theangle. is measured

to

the vector

from

the

x

axis, andcounterclockwise is positive.

Express and in terms of the length of thevector and the angle , with the componentsseparated by a comma.

ANSWER:

F

⃗

F

x

F

y

θ θ F

x

F

y

Fθ

Typesetting math: 25%

9/22/13 HW #3: 2D motion and projectilessession.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?displayMode=studentView&assignmentID=2523260 2/41

Correct

In principle, you can determine the components of

any

vector with these expressions. If lies in one of theother quadrants of the plane, will be an angle larger than 90 degrees (or in radians) and andwill have the appropriate signs and values.Unfortunately this way of representing , though mathematically correct, leads to equations that must besimplified using trig identities such asand.These must be used to reduce all trig functions present in your equations to either or . Unlessyou perform this followup step flawlessly, you will fail to recoginze that,and your equations will not simplify so that you can progress further toward a solution. Therefore, it is best toexpress all components in terms of either or , with between 0 and 90 degrees (or 0 andin radians), and determine the signs of the trig functions by knowing in which quadrant the vector lies.

Part B

When you resolve a vector into components, the components

must have the form

or .The signs depend on which quadrant the vector lies in, and there will be one component with and the other with .In real problems the optimal coordinate system is often rotated so that the

x

axis is not horizontal. Furthermore,most vectors will not lie in the first quadrant. To assign the sine and cosine correctly for vectors at arbitrary angles,you must figure out which angle is and then properly reorient the definitional triangle. As an example, consider the vector shown in the diagram labeled "tilted axes," where you know the anglebetween and the

y

axis.Which of the various ways of orienting the definitional triangle must be used to resolve into components in thetilted coordinate system shown? (In the figures, the hypotenuse is orange, the side adjacent to is red, and theside opposite is yellow.), =

F

x

F

y

cos

θF

,sin

θF F

⃗

θπ

/2cos(

θ

) sin(

θ

)

F

⃗sin(+

ϕ

)=−sin(

ϕ

) 180

∘

cos(+

ϕ

)=−sin(

ϕ

) 90

∘

sin(

ϕ

)cos(

ϕ

) sin(+

ϕ

)+cos(−

ϕ

)=0 180

∘

270

∘

sin(

ϕ

)cos(

ϕ

)

ϕπ

/2

F

⃗||cos(

θ

)

F

⃗||sin(

θ

)

F

⃗sin(

θ

) cos(

θ

)

θ N

⃗

θ N

⃗

N

⃗

θ

9/22/13 HW #3: 2D motion and projectilessession.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?displayMode=studentView&assignmentID=2523260 3/41

Indicate the number of the figure with the correct orientation.

Hint 1.

Recommended procedure for resolving a vector into components

First figure out the sines and cosines of , then figure out the signs from the quadrant the vector is in andwrite in the signs.

Hint 2.

Finding the trigonometric functions

Sine and cosine are defined according to the following convention, with the key lengths shown in green: Thehypotenuse has unit length, the side adjacent to has length , and the side opposite has length. The colors are chosen to remind you that the vector sum of the two orthogonal sides is the vector whose magnitude is the hypotenuse; red + yellow = orange.

θ θ

cos(

θ

) sin(

θ

)

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

© Copyright 2015 Scribd Inc.

Language

Choose the language in which you want to experience Scribd:

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Password Reset Email Sent

Join with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

By joining, you agree to our

read free for one month

Unlimited access to more than

one million books

one million books

Personalized recommendations

based on books you love

based on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Join with Facebook

or Join with emailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

Already a member? Sign in.

By joining, you agree to our

to download

Unlimited access to more than

one million books

one million books

Personalized recommendations

based on books you love

based on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Continue with Facebook

Sign inJoin with emailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

By joining, you agree to our

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd