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Why Slug Does Not Work

Why Slug Does Not Work

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Published by: jeet on Sep 23, 2013
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05/22/2014

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Why Slug Does Not Work?
Slug is typically used to push mud in the drill string down therefore pipe will dry while pulling out of hole. Dry pipe while pulling out has some advantages as minimizing crewto expose to drilling mud when breaking a connection, reducing time to handle the drillstring, etc. Sometimes, even you already pump slug but you still have wet pipe instead of dry pipe. You may wonder why the slug does not work very well.The following reasons why the slug does not do its job are as follows: • Slug volume is not enough to slug the pipe. Recommended volume is around 25- 40 bbl.• You should chase slug by pumping mud at least surface volume from mud pump to arotary table. Otherwise, you will not get desired slug volume in the drillstring because itis still left in the surface volume.• Weight of slug is not sufficient. As a normal practice, the slug weight should have atleast 2 ppg over your current mud weight.• There is something inside the drill string so the slug could not push mud in the drillstring down. If you want to learn more about slug, please read the following articles:What is slug mud? How much volume and weight of slug mud should be?Barrels of slug required for desired length of dry pipe
How To Determine Hole Size By FluidCaliper
This article will demonstrate you how to determine hole size by fluid caliper. First of all,you need to know what is the fluid caliper is. The fluid caliper is one simple way tocalculate hole diameter. The concept is based on hole volume, annular capacity, and inner capacity. You pump any substance and when you seen it on surface, you back calculatethe hole size based on strokes pumped. It is quite tricky to explain so I would like you tosee the example below which it will make you clear about what I say.
 
Assumption for the calculation:
No losses7” casing shoe is set at 5000’MD/4500’TVD7” casing 23 ppf, ID 6.33 inch4” drill pipe is used to drill the well and its ID is 3.34 inch.4-3/4” drill collar is used as BHA and its ID is 2.5 inch. The length of drill collar is 500ft.This hole section is used water based mud and the bit size is 6-1/8”Drill to section TD at 10,000’MD/9,000’TVD then drop carbide once TD is reached.Pump output is 0.1 bbl/stroke.Surface line from pumps to rig floor is 20 bbl.Carbide is detected by a gas sensor on surface after 4,000 strokes pump.
With the given information, determine what is the hole size of the open hole section.
The basic drilling formulas that you need to know are inner capacity and annular capacity  calculation.
1st step – Determine Inner Capacity and Annular Capacity of All Parts
Inner capacity of 4”DPnner capacity of 4”DP = 0.01084 bbl/ftInner capacity of 4-3/4”DCInner capacity of 4-3/4”DC = 0.00607 bbl/ftAnnular capacity between 4” DP and 7” Casing
 
Annular capacity between 4” DP and 7” Casing = 0.02383 bbl/ftI assign “d” is the open hole diameter.Annular capacity between 4” DP and open holeAnnular capacity between 4 3/4” DP and open hole
2nd step – Determine Volume of All Parts
Volume in 4”DP = Inner capacity of 4”DP x length of 4” DPVolume in 4”DP = 0.01084 x 9,500 = 103 bblVolume in 4-3/4”DC = Inner capacity of 4-3/4”DC x length of 4-3/4”DCVolume in 4-3/4”DC = 0.00607 x 500 = 3 bblVolume between 4”DP and 7” Casing = Annular capacity between 4” DP and 7” Casingx length of 4” DP inside 7” casingVolume between 4”DP and 7” Casing = 0.02383 x 5,000 = 119 bblVolume between 4”DP and open hole = Annular capacity between 4” DP and open hole xlength of 4” DP inside open holeVolume between 4-3/4”DC and open hole = Annular capacity between 4-3/4”DC andopen hole x length of 4-3/4”DC inside open hole

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