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Published by lzee

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Published by: lzee on Sep 24, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Life in 19
century Cuba
A bit of Cuban history
The history of Cuba began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 and thesubsequent invasion of the island by theSpaniards.
Aboriginal groups
the Guanahatabey,Ciboney, and Taíno
inhabited the island butwere soon eliminated or died as a result of diseases or the shock of conquest.Thus, the impact of indigenous groups onsubsequent Cuban society was limited, andSpanish culture, institutions, language, andreligion prevailed.
Colonial society developed slowly after Spaincolonized the island in the sixteenth andseventeenth centuries; pastoral pursuits andagriculture served as the basis of the economy.The growth of the United States as an independent nation,the collapse of Haiti as a sugar-producing colony, Spanish
protective policies, and the ingenuity of Cuba’s Creole
business class all converged to produce a sugar revolutionon the island.In a scant few years, Cuba was transformedfrom a sleepy, unimportant island into themajor sugar producer in the world. Slavesarrived in increasing numbers; large estatessqueezed out smaller ones; sugar supplantedtobacco, agriculture, and cattle as the mainoccupation; prosperity replaced poverty; and
Spain’s attention replaced neglect

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